Animals

Animals of the United States

When we talk about the surface, the United States is the fourth largest country in the world. Due to its large size, this country presents a great geographical variety and practically all possible types of climates. Faced with this, can you imagine the enormous biodiversity that inhabits the lands of the United States? Yes, a great diversity of organisms! For this reason, in this GreenEcology article we will emphasize the fauna of the United States. In addition, we will develop the conservation status of animals in the United States , which has been determined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), indicating some of the species that are in danger of extinction.

Bald eagle

We will begin by mentioning the national animal of the United States , which is the bald or American eagle . This species is an emblematic symbol for the country, it is even found on the national coat of arms of the United States.

As for the characteristics of the species, it is a large bird that is distributed throughout North America, from northern Mexico to southern Canada and Alaska, encompassing the United States and the island of Puerto Rico. Regarding the conservation status of the species, it is classified according to the IUCN as Least Concern, since its populations are increasing.

Another of the most emblematic endemic animals of the United States is the American bison, a herbivorous mammal that can weigh more than 1,300 kilograms. Its distribution includes the United States, Mexico and Canada.

Regarding its conservation status, the IUCN has classified it as near threatened since during the 19th and 20th centuries its populations were heavily exploited. Subsequently, successful reintroduction plans were carried out to prevent the extinction of the species. However, today one of the threats facing the bison is the loss and fragmentation of its habitat.

screeching the american antelope

The pronghorn, is a native animal of the United States that is distributed in the center-west of the country. They are characterized by inhabiting open areas such as grasslands. Currently, it is estimated that their populations are made up of more than 750,000 mature specimens, therefore their conservation status has been determined by the IUCN as least concern. However, this species must face some threats, such as habitat loss and fragmentation and hunting.

The striped skunk, is another of the North American animals , its distribution includes Mexico, the United States and Canada. It is an omnivorous mammal that feeds on invertebrates, small mammals, and also on seeds and fruits. It has two large white stripes that give rise to its name.

With respect to its conservation, it is listed as least concern since its populations remain stable. But, like all global biodiversity, it presents certain threats such as pollution, poaching and climate change.

Yellow map turtle

The yellow map turtle is endemic to the Pascagula River and its tributaries in Mississippi. It is characterized by being small-medium in size and by having a very peculiar shaped shell. They are currently classified as vulnerable to extinction, due to pollution and disturbances of their natural habitat, fishing for their specimens and the introduction of exotic species .

Sapo de Yosemite

The Yosemite toad is endemic to the Sierra Nevada in California, United States. Unfortunately, climate change, disturbances in its natural habitat and some pathogens have led to this species being classified as endangered according to the IUCN today.

Beach mouse

This particular species of mouse inhabits the southeastern United States, precisely on beaches and corn fields . A curious fact is its coloration, which varies according to distribution: those specimens that live in the interior have a brown-yellowish coloration while those that inhabit the coasts have a whiter coloration. Its current conservation status, determined by the IUCN, is of least concern.

Alligator americano

Another of the wild animals of the United States is the American alligator which is endemic to the swamps of the south-east of the country. This reptile can measure more than 4 meters in length and weigh more than 400 kilograms. Regarding its conservation status, it is considered, according to the IUCN, as least concern because its populations are increasing.

Other animals of the United States

Below we will list other native animals of the United States:

  • Mapache boreal
  • Puma or mountain lion 
  • California Condor 
  • Island gray fox 
  • Akohekohe
  • Canadian marmot 
  • White-tailed deer
  • Blackfoot ferret
  • American Beaver 
  • Flattened Musk Tortoise 
  • American black bear 
  • Reddish sandpiper
  • gris 
  • Chara floridana
  • American Tantalum 
  • Cárabo californiano
  • Lobo gris 
  • Desert tortoise 

Endangered animals of the United States

In this section we will list the animals in the United States that are in danger of extinction.

  • California Condor
  • Akohekohe
  • Yellow map turtle 
  • Blackfoot ferret 
  • Flattened Musk Tortoise
  • Chara floridana
  • Sapo de Yosemite 
  • Cárabo californiano
  • Desert tortoise

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