Bernese Mountain Dog

We elaborate about Bernese Mountain Dog breed with Bernese Mountain Dog temperament, training, appearance, weight, life spam and much more information about this breed.

Other Names

Berner, Berner Sennenhund, Bernese Cattle Dog.

Dog Breed Group

Working Dogs


Both sexes weigh between 40 and 44 kgs.


23 to 28 inches

Average life span

7-10 years.

Bernese Mountain Dog Appearance

Berners are very beautiful dogs, native to the Swiss mountains. They are strong, robust, with muscular limbs and a long, bushy tail. Although they reach adult height at about 15 months, it may take another 2 to 3 years for them to reach full maturity.

Bernese Mountain Dog Temperament

The Berners are friendly, calm, and very loyal. They are very affectionate and cheerful dogs that love to be the center of attention. They are great with children whom they are very protective of, making them ideal family pets. If they socialize from puppies properly, they will get along well with other dogs and animals throughout their lives. They only bark when they know something is wrong making them excellent watchdogs.

Bernese Mountain Dog Temperament Summery

  • Affectionate
  • Intelligent
  • Loyal
  • Faithful

Bernese Mountain Dog Training

They love to be the center of attention, training should start from the first day the puppy comes home. Careful and gentle training with lots of socialization is the key to a happy and balanced puppy life. They are generally very accommodating but can be very stubborn.

Bernese Mountain Dog Grooming

They require daily brushing to keep their coat healthy, shiny, and tangle-free.

Bernese Mountain Dog Exercise

Berners need daily exercise to meet their energy needs. For puppies, exercise should be limited to the garden for at least 4 to 5 months of age to allow bones and joints to finish forming and strengthening properly, for this very reason, they should be monitored when there are stairs in the house .

Bernese Mountain Dog Health

Gastric torsion : Although it is not a hereditary condition, it frequently affects many dogs, including this breed of dog. This is a very serious condition. When a dog has it, the stomach can twist and become blocked, causing gas to build up. If not treated quickly it can be fatal. With this disease there are also useless attempts to vomit and salivate. Also, it can lead to cardiovascular collapse, which usually occurs when you exercise after eating. The incidence of Gastric Torsion in adult dogs can be controlled by eating healthy twice a day and, of course, allowing time for it to digest before taking it for a run in the park.

Hip Malformation or Dysplasia: Results in a poor fit between the head of the femur bone and the acetabulum of the hip. This condition can be alleviated through surgery. Dogs with dysplasia often produce puppies with the same condition. Buyers should ask if both the parent of the puppy they are interested in has been recently tested and is free of hip dysplasia. You shouldn’t take yes for an answer without seeing a certificate and checking with a trusted vet.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This hereditary condition has been identified in the Berners, it is a term for a group of diseases that involve all the gradual deterioration of the retina. PARA is a general term for various types of retinal diseases, all of which result in blindness. All Berners, regardless of age, must be examined annually by a member of the veterinary ophthalmologists.

Cataracts: Causes a loss of the normal transparency of the lens of the eye. The problem can appear in one or both eyes, if left untreated it leads to blindness.

Hypothyroidism: It is an endocrine disease that results in abnormally low production of thyroid hormones. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include lethargy, mental depression, weight gain, and a tendency to seek warm places. Hypothyroidism can also affect the coat and skin, causing hair loss and excessive dandruff.

Epilepsy: It is a seizure disorder that has been identified in this breed. The seizures vary from a distant look, contractions in one part of the face to the fall on one of its sides accompanied by barking, grinding the teeth, urination, defecation and disorderly movements of the limbs. Seizures usually appear suddenly and end spontaneously, and can last from seconds to minutes. The disorder has no known cause, however, an examination by your veterinarian is important to determine the general health of the pet and to ensure that there are no other underlying conditions that may be causing the seizures. Treatment may include anti-seizure medications. Always seek advice from your vet.

Cancer: Berners have a higher than normal incidence of cancer. In addition to typical canine cancers, they can have histiocytosis, a hereditary cancer that appears to be breed specific. The Berner-Garde Foundation has been established to understand and reduce genetic diseases in Bernese Mountain Dogs.

Bernese Mountain Dog History

bernese mountain dogThe origin of the Berners dates back to 2000 years ago, when the Romans invaded Switzerland, then known as Helvetia. These were used as cattle drivers and guard dogs. The Roman mastiff-type dogs were probably crossed with guard dogs from the region and resulted in animals that could withstand bad weather in the Alps and had a more docile temperament.

During the 1800s the breed had almost disappeared due to interest in the Saint Bernard and the lack of breeding programs, and it was not until the beginning of this century that a Swiss sinologist, Herr Franz Schertenlieb, set about combing the field. to find the last specimen of these dogs. He was successful in the Dürrbach district of Bern and was joined by the Zurich professor Albert Heim. Thanks to them, the Bernese Mountain Dog was recovered. At first, these dogs were known as Gelbbackler (yellow cheeks), Vierauger (four eyes), or more commonly, Durrbachler depending on whether they came from the Bern area or the Dürrbach area. In 1908 the club that had been formed changed its name to Berner Sennenhund. By then, it had a large following in Switzerland, Scandinavia and the continent,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


Check Also
Back to top button