Birds Avian Flu Virus With Treatment
We express the Birds Avian Flu Virus. Avian influenza is caused by the virus of influenza. Migratory birds that travel long distances generally carry the virus in their intestines. In most cases the virus does not seriously affect birds and although they generally do not get sick, even if they carry the virus, it is highly contagious and can easily spread from bird to bird. Infected birds secrete contagious saliva, nasal secretions, and fecal matter that act as a means of transferring the virus to other birds.
Avian influenza generally causes two types of influenza, low pathogenic influenza that is not easily detected, and side effects in birds that cause ruffled feathers and decreased ability to lay eggs . In the case of upper pathogenic influenza it is highly contagious and spreads rapidly. The internal organs of the infected bird are adversely affected. In most cases it is fatal with a mortality rate of 90% to 100%. To increase the severity of the disease, infected birds die within 48 hours of coming into contact with the virus.
There are two classes of influenza virus type A that cause avian influenza, they differ from each other in the composition of different proteins, hemagglutinin [HA] and neuraminidase [NA]. So far there are 16 known HA and 9 known NA influenza variants and all are quite active in birds.
Risks of the Avian Influenza Virus for human health. Avian Influenza Virus generally does not infect humans, but since 1997 humans have been reported infected with type A virus. The source of the virus for humans is infected birds from chicken coops. There are mainly three types of influenza viruses, H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 that are capable of infecting humans. The A virus types are changing rapidly and could soon develop and infect humans. The common symptoms of Avian Flu in humans consist of high fever, sore throat, muscle pain and the incidence of cough with a runny nose, headache and general discomfort. In advanced stages various life-threatening symptoms appear and can develop such as eye infections, pneumonia, respiratory problems,
Avian Flu Treatment . Laboratory experiments have revealed that many of the drugs approved for the treatment of normal human influenza are also effective for the treatment of humans suffering from Type A Viral Flu, but since the symptoms vary from one type of Flu Avian to another, the different treatment methods are then adapted as a remedy for each variant of the disease.
Taking an antiviral medication such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza) within 48 hours of the development of flu symptoms would greatly reduce the severity of the illness. There are many medications to treat the flu like amantadine and rimantadine that may not work for certain types of flu like H5N1. In severe cases patients are treated with special breathing machines. Ideally they should be placed in isolation so that no other person becomes infected. The vaccination is perhaps another effective way to reduce the prevalence of the deadly infection. Recently a new vaccine has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration from USA and would be administered in the event that H5N1-type differentials became an endemic disease.