Budding is the term used to refer to a type of asexual reproduction carried out by certain living organisms. It basically consists of the division of a small section of said organism and from which a new being is generated, in this sense, for this to occur there must be certain factors that must be met.
The section that separates from the body is called the yolk and in this section miotic processes are produced which give rise to an equal living being . The process begins when a group of cells form a kind of protrusion on the surface of the body.
The nucleus of said yolk, which will later come off, moves until it enters the section that forms the lump. After a while, a strangulation process occurs that ends up dividing the mother’s daughter cell , carrying with it the same genetic information although in a smaller size, this is how a new development process will begin until giving rise to an organism of the same species .
Budding can occur in two types of levels, at the unicellular and multicellular level , in the first case it occurs in yeasts to cite an example and in the second case it can occur in organisms such as porifers and bryozoans. Certain types of organisms can budding internally, which occurs when the bud is covered by a type of envelope that allows the development of the organism.
- Water sponges
- Certain types of yeast fungi
- Some types of jellyfish
- The corals
- Flat Worms
- Bacteria such as: firmicutes, planctomycetes, and cyanobacteria
Budding in plants
Many plants are reproduced through the budding process, that is, they grow from shoots or small trunks of larger plants.
That is why these types of plants are commonly used due to their ease of planting , only a branch of the main tree is cut, placed in moist soil or water and planted again, thus giving life to a new plant that carries the same genetic information as above.
Budding in animals
We can find in nature that many animals perform this process continues normally and both animals unicellular and multicellular animals.
In unicellular animals the process starts through the duplication of the cell nucleus, while in multicellular animals this process gives rise to various colonies as seen in water hydras, sponges or corals.