Dog Breeds

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog

We elaborate about Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy breed with cavalier king charles spaniel temperament, training, appearance, weight, life spam and much more information about this breed.

Other Names

Cavalier, Cavie, Cav

Dog Breed Group

Companion Dogs


12-18 lbs.


12 to 13 inches at the shoulder

Average life span

12 – 15 years.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppy Appearance

Cavie’s are frequently confused with King Charles Spaniel. Both are different breeds, each of them recognized with its own breed standard. Cavie’s are generally slightly larger in size and weight, between 12-18 pounds. They have a flat head and a full scissor bite. King Charles Spaniel are generally smaller in size, weighing between 8-14 lbs. They have a curved head, a small jaw and sometimes have their fingers joined by a small membrane of skin.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Temperament

They are affectionate, friendly, intelligent, kind and cheerful dogs. They love human attention and adapt well to children making them excellent family pets, getting along well with other dogs and other animals. They need human attention so they do not like to be left alone for long periods of time.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Temperament Summery 

  • Sociable
  • Affectionate
  • Fearless
  • Patient
  • Playful
  • Adaptable

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Training

They are intelligent dogs so they are very easy to train.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cleanliness

To keep its coat long, silky and tangle-free, daily brushing is required, the hair around its legs must be trimmed regularly as well as its nails. Your ears also need systematic attention to keep them clean.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Exercise

They need daily exercise to stay fit, healthy, and happy.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Health Issues

Patellar Luxation : Slipping in the knee joints (also known as a dislocated patella or spilled fluid). It is a common problem in small breeds. In this condition, the kneecap slides out of its groove and moves against the thigh bone (femur) rather than in its natural groove. Although it is a hereditary condition, small and active breeds tend to develop it as a result of their natural activities (jumping from one place to another around objects such as furniture and others).

Mitral Valve Disease (MVD): The most serious health problem found in Cavias is mitral valve disease (MVD). This is a problem where the left heart (or mitral) valve can become clogged leading to congestive heart collapse and eventually death. MVD is common in most Toy breeds, however in the Cavie there is an unusually early onset with more rapid progression of symptoms.

Sporadic fall (Cavalier Collapse Syndrome): It is a syndrome of muscle stiffness whose cause remains unknown. Some of the symptoms include: conscious seizures, frostbite, falls and falls again when trying to get up.

Cataracts : Cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens of the eye, which can occur in one or both and lead to blindness.

Entropion: It is a problem in the eyelid that makes it turn inward. Eyelashes appear on the edge of the eyelid which irritates the surface of the eyeball and can lead to more serious problems.

Ear Infections: Long ears impede air circulation, which can lead to moisture-loving bacteria causing infection, so they should be checked and cleaned regularly.

Cavalier King Charles Spanielcavalier king charles spaniel temperament History

Today’s Cavie is descended from the small Spaniel dogs seen in many of the 16th, 17th, and 18th century paintings by artists such as Titian, Van Dyck, Lely, Stubbs, Gainsborough, Reynolds, and Romney.

It was in Tudor times that this breed became popular with the ladies of the royal courts. The breed got its name in the reign of King Charles II, who kept a large number of Spaniel. King Charles II adored these dogs and was very rarely seen without at least one of his dogs by his side. He loved them so much that he wrote a decree that proclaimed that the Cavie should be accepted in any public place, even in the Houses of Parliament, where animals were not usually allowed. This decree is still in existence today in England.

The breed lost its popularity during the 20th century when eastern breeds came into vogue. The breeders then began to breed the Spaniel with the oriental snub-nosed dogs and obtained similar dogs but with a more upturned nose and a closer appearance to the Spaniel. These dogs today are known as the King Charles Spaniel (King Charles Spaniel) and, in the United States, as the English Toy Spaniel.

In 1926, a wealthy American named Roswell Eldridge visited England in search of the original little long-nosed Spaniel, often seen in King Charles portraits, but found none, so he offered cash prizes for whoever brought the male and female specimens more similar to the original animals. British breeders were encouraged by the award and by 1945, the recreated breed had arrived. To avoid confusion with the snub-nosed King Charles Spaniel, the breed was named the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (King Charles’s “Arrogant” Spaniel) as Carlos was known as the Arrogant King.

Although the King Charles and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel have similar coat colorations, there are distinctive differences between the two breeds.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are generally slightly larger in size and weigh between 12-18 pounds. They have a flat head and a full scissor bite.
King Charles Spaniel are generally smaller in size and weigh between 8-14 lbs. They have a domed head, a slight mandibular prognathism, and sometimes have their fingers fused by a small membrane of skin.

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