Central Asian Shepherd Dog

We elaborate about central asian shepherd dog breed with central asian shepherd dog temperament, training, appearance, weight, life spam and much more information about this breed.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Other names:

Alabai, Tohmet, Sage Koochee, Sredniaziatskaya Ovcharka, East Asia Ovcharka, Ovcharka.

The word “Ovcharka” (pronounced “uhf-‘Char-ka”) is a Russian word that means something between “livestock guardian dog”, “shepherd dog” and “shepherd dog”. It is believed to be the oldest guard dog breed in the world and as the name suggests it is native to Central Asia, from the vast region that stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to the Pamirs in the east, and from the border between Russia, Iran and Afghanistan in the south to South Siberia in the north. He is considered the ancestor of all races. Undoubtedly, the Tibetan Mastiff, often considered the oldest breed, is a descendant of the Central Asian Ovcharka, not its ancestor.

They were bred by shepherds to protect their livestock against large predators, such as wolves and leopards. They can have various characteristic physical aspects, making them more of a racial group than a simple breed standard. It is still quite rare outside its homeland although little by little it is gaining recognition in other countries.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog General Appearance

This huge and powerful dog of above average height has a bear-shaped head, a harmonious body with a large chest, and broad back. The eyes of this breed are sunken, dark and alert. The nose is large and traditionally the ears and tail are cropped, making this practice illegal in many countries, including the United Kingdom.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Height

Males 27-36 inches, Females 24-30 inches

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Weight

Males 55-90 kg, females 40-65 kg

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Average life span

It can live 12-14 years.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Temperament

It is a calm, balanced, alert breed and likes to be the leader of the pack. They are very dominant dogs. He is a devoted member of the family in today’s society. They can be wonderful companions and work well with the elderly and children if taught from an early age. Outside the house they may try to dominate other dogs and are wary of strangers. They are guardians and will act as such. They like to bark at night and this can be a problem if you have close neighbors. He gets along well with cats, other non-canine animals and other dogs, as long as he does not consider them a threat to his position or territory. This breed is not for everyone, they need an owner who understands their temperament and who is the leader of the pack.

Ovcharka require large, well-fenced yards, the bigger the yard the better. They have a job to do (protect). Living in small spaces can lead to boredom and thus digging and chewing which would be a problem. Even with plenty of exercise these dogs like to be outside and keep an eye on their territory. They must have a properly fenced yard or they will expand their territory as much as they can.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Training

This is not a breed for the shy. Training should begin as soon as possible so that the dog understands who his leader is from the beginning. They have very balanced mentalities and they are super intelligent, they learn quickly and they get bored just as quickly. Routines drive them to be carefree, so they are not good candidates for obedience tests. As with all breeds early socialization is very important to avoid any unwanted behavior in the long term future.


Surprisingly, the Central Asian Ovcharka does not require much preparation. Most of the year it shed little hair, so a weekly brushing is sufficient. However, in the spring it increases, so at this time it must be brushed daily to remove dead hairs.


It would be ideal to take him for a walk or jog. You need a lot of physical exercise, so long daily walks are recommended. It may seem lazy when you are keeping an eye on its properties, but it is an animal that has a lot of energy that it needs to use to grow healthy and stable.


Hip dysplasia: Results in a poor fit between the head of the femur bone and the acetabulum of the hip. This condition can be alleviated through surgery. Dogs with dysplasia often produce puppies with the same condition. Buyers should ask if both the parent of the puppy they are interested in has been recently tested and is free of hip dysplasia. You shouldn’t take yes for an answer without seeing a certificate and checking with a trusted vet.

central asian shepherd dogHistory

Ancient Central Asian dogs are believed to be the ancestors of all breeds. This is debatable, but the roughly 4,000-year-old Mastiff known as the Central Asian Sheepdog has survived the centuries. Possessor of unsurpassed hunter skills, protector, and friend to the peoples of Central Asia. Evidence of the origin of this breed dates back to before Christ when these dogs were bred to defend flocks of sheep from predators.

Modern writings on this dog date back 100 years in the Mastiff History Book written by the writer Wynn. They are believed to have come from the Ural Mountains of Russia, then settled in Siberia and spread to various countries in Central Asia. The breed served as a guardian of the nomadic tribes’ herds against wolves and bears, and were even used in hunting the snow leopard. The reduction in the number of nomads and herders in recent centuries in the Central Asian region has contributed to the decline in the population of this breed. Its supremacy is in jeopardy in many ways in its natural habitat and it has never gained popularity in other countries.

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