50 Terms in computing and informatics

Find here information about terms in computing and information technology that you should know. This page is the perfect guide to the technical terminology and jargon used by IT professionals.

1. Application. It is a complete and independent program that performs a specific function such as spreadsheets and databases.

2. Drag. Occurs when a user points the mouse at an icon or folder, presses the button, and without releasing the button moves the icon or folder to another location on the computer where the button is released

3. Scroll bar. Allows the user to control what part of the document is visible in the window; available either horizontally or vertically or both

4. Toolbar. A graphic representation of program activities; A row of icons used to perform tasks in a program.

5. Database. A large structured set of data; a file containing numerous records containing numerous fields

6. Boot. The process of loading or initializing an operating system on a computer; it usually occurs as soon as a computer is turned on.

7. Bug or insect. A part of a program that usually causes the computer to malfunction; often remedied in patches or program updates

8. Bytes. Small data storage unit; 8 bit; usually has a character.

9. Cache. A small, fast local memory that transparently stores access to a storage device.

10. Webcam. A video camera that feeds its images in real time to a computer or computer network, often via USB, Ethernet, or Wi-Fi.

11. Folder. A graphical representation used to organize a collection of computer files.

12. Click. It occurs when a user presses a button on a mouse which in turn generates a command to the computer.

13. Driver. Software program that controls a piece of hardware or a peripheral

14.Core. The portion of the CPU that actually performs arithmetic and logic operations; many CPUs have multiple cores or cores.

15. Download. Transferring data from another computer to your computer

16. Blu-ray Disc. An optical disc storage medium designed to replace the DVD format.

17. Hard drive. Any non-volatile storage device that stores data on rapidly rotating rigid (i.e. hard) platters with magnetic surfaces.

18.DisplayPort. A digital display interface used primarily to connect a video source to a display device such as a computer monitor.

19. Input device. Any peripheral equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system.

20. Exit Device. Any peripheral equipment that converts information into human-readable form.

21. Floppy. A small floppy disk used to store computer data.

22. Double click. Occurs when a user presses a mouse button twice in quick succession; this generates a command to the computer

23. Input / Output (I/O) The communication between an information processing system (such as a computer) and the outside world.

24.Freeware. Software provided at no cost to the user

25. Gigabyte (GB) 1.073.741.824 bytes o 1.024 megabytes.

26.GUI. Graphical user interface; uses pictures and words to represent ideas, choices, roles, etc.

27.Hardware. The physical parts of a computer.

28. Spreadsheet. A program organized in rows and columns that manipulates numbers.

29. Icon. A small image used to represent a file or program in a user interface.

30. Printer. A peripheral device that converts the output of a computer into a printed image

31. Internet. A network of computer networks that encompasses the World Wide Web, FTP, Telnet, and many other protocols

32. Kilobyte (KB) 1.024 bytes.

33. Megabyte (MB) 1.048.576 bytes o 1.024 kilobytes.

34. USB stick. Another name for a USB flash drive.

35. Memory. Any device that contains computer data

36. Menu. A list of operations available to the user of a program.

37. Modem. A peripheral device used to connect one computer to another through a telephone line.

38. Monitor. A device used to display information visually.

39. Browser. A program used to view pages on the world wide web, such as Google Chrome or Microsoft Edge.

40. IAS. network interface card; a board inserted into a computer that provides a physical connection to a network

41. IP number. Internet Protocol; the unique address or number of a computer on the Internet

42. Peripheral. Any of several hardware devices connected to a CPU

43. Frequently asked questions. Documents that answer questions common to a particular website or program.

44. Word processor. A program that allows the user to create mainly text documents.

45. RAM. Random access memory; the type of storage that changes; when the computer is off, the RAM is cleared

46. ​​Mouse. A peripheral device used to point to items on a monitor.

47. Network. A collection of computers that are connected

48.ROM. Memory of only reading; The type of storage that does not change even when the computer is turned off

49. Server. A computer that can be used to provide services to customers.

50.Shareware. Software provided at a minimal cost to users who have the honor to send payment to the programmer

51. Computer system. It is a basic, complete and functional computer, which includes all the necessary hardware and software to make it functional for a user.

52. Operating system. The set of software that manages the computer’s hardware resources and provides services for computer programs.

53.Software. Instructions executed by a computer.

54. Mother board. The central printed circuit board in many modern computers, which contains many of the crucial system components, usually provides connection space for peripherals.

55. Keyboard. A peripheral used to enter data by pressing keys.

56.UPC. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer

57. URLs. Uniform Resource Locator; the address of a site on the World Wide Web; A standard way of locating objects on the Internet

58. Window. A screen in a software program that allows the user to view multiple programs at the same time.

59. Computer fan. An active cooling system that forces airflow into or around a computer case using a fan to cool the air.

50. Viruses. A deliberately harmful computer program designed to create annoying bugs or destroy data.

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