Media file formats: Digital media is any media that is encoded in machine-readable formats. When you save digital media files, they are encrypted so that computer programs or applications can read and work with them. For example, document formats can be read and edited in word processing programs such as Microsoft Word.
Interesting: What is multimedia and what is it for
What is the difference between the file formats?
Digital Media Files: Photos, music and movies have different formats. For example, photos are often saved in RAW, JPEG, or TIFF formats. Video files can be encoded in standard or high definition formats. Not only are they created in different formats, but they also need to be converted in order to play on different devices, from TVs to smartphones.
Likewise, digital audio files may be encoded in low- or high-resolution formats, which will affect their ability to be played via streaming or require downloading first, and whether the playback device supports them.
How to identify a digital media file formats?
Digital Media Files: You can identify the file format by its extension: the letters to the right of “.” For example in an audio file titled “cancion.mp3”, the extension is “mp3” which is an MPEG-3 audio file. The video formats can be a WMV for PC videos or MOV for Quick time videos. The “movie.m4v” file is an MPEG-4 high definition video file.
What are the most used digital media file formats?
- Photo file formats: JPEG, GIF, PNG, TIFF, BMP
- Music file formats: AAC, MP3, WAV, WMA, DOLBY® DIGITAL, DTS
- Other music file formats you can access: AIFF, ASF, FLAC, ADPCM, DSD, LPCM, OGG
- For iTunes users: If you save your music to iTunes, please make sure your network media player or media streamer can play AAC Audio. iTunes audio files may appear as m4a or Apple Lossless. Files with the m4p extension are protected AAC files. Now you can buy music from iTunes store which is not protected (DRM free), so you can play this music freely on all your devices.
- Video file formats: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, AVI, MOV, AVCHD, H.264 and H.265.
- Other video formats you can access: DivX and DivX HD, Xvid HD, MKV, RMVB, WMV9, TS/TP/M2T