Analytical chemistry is a branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of the composition of substances through tools provided by a laboratory; the function is to develop methods that are much more precise and effective in relation to the analyzes carried out in this discipline . According to the parameters that are carried out in each study, it can be classified into two types that are qualitative and quantitative chemistry.
Analytical chemistry uses tools such as the polargraph, spectroscope, polarimeter and colorimeter in its studies , just to name some of the most used. The results of studies in this branch of chemistry are generally those that achieve greater accuracy in studies carried out by specialists, this includes gravimetric and volumetric analysis. Precision is also obtained in chromatographic studies and the use of spectrometric and electroanalytical techniques. All this means that experts in the field can resort to different instruments and methods to perform the separation of compounds and work based on them.
In the industrial field, analytical chemistry can be applied in the control of raw materials and products in their final stage, also in the quality control of different products, it is also applied in clinical analyzes to obtain more accurate diagnoses of diseases.
Examples of Analytical Chemistry
- Product quality analysis
- Quality control of raw materials
- Manufacture of products
- Process improvement and optimization
- Steel analysis
- Oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations
- Quantitative Ionized Calcium Measurements
- Investigative study of the physical and chemical properties of a metal
- Control and evaluation study of the potability of the water
- Determination of the quantity and quality of a constituent mineral such as gold