Examples of Biomolecules

Biomolecules are molecules that make up every living being on the planet, regardless of their type and species, these types of molecules when united form a living organism or living matter, this means that all the fundamental elements for life are found in All biomolecules, however, there are some that are found in great quantity in many organisms, these compounds are: carbon, phosphorus, hydrogen , nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur.

Biomolecules can be classified into two types, this classification is based on the amount of carbon found in these elements, for example there are inorganic biomolecules which lack carbon in their structure so the human body cannot them. synthesize but they are still important in their composition, on the other hand there are organic biomolecules which, unlike the previous ones, can be synthesized by the human body.

There is a group of subcategories within the type of organic biomolecules, these subcategories are: carbohydrates , they are composed as their name indicates that they are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen; There are also lipids which also have carbon and hydrogen in their structure, but there are also elements such as oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur and nitrogen; in third place are the proteins which are translated into amino acids due to their components such as hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen.

Examples of biomolecules:

  1. Water.
  2. Mineral salts.
  3. carbohydrates.
  4. proteins.
  5. Lipids
  6. Nucleic acids.
  7. The vitamins.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Check Also
Close
Back to top button