Biotic factors are those entities or living organisms that make up the fauna and the ecosystem, interact with other living beings of the flora and fauna and have physiological characteristics that give them the ability to reproduce within a specific ecosystem.
It is also known as a biotic factor to all the relationships that may exist between different living organisms within the same ecosystem, these relationships are essential for their survival.
Biotic factors can be, for example, animals such as cows, horses or insects such as bees or worms, and for their subsistence they need abiotic factors such as water, air or the earth itself.
Examples of biotic factors
- Pine tree
- Daisy flower
- Human being
- Apple tree
- Bacillus megaterium
- Cypress trees
- Treponema Pallidum
- Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
- Bacillus licheniformis
Biotic factors can be classified into three types which are:
- Producers that are organisms that can produce their own food,
- Consumers are those who cannot produce their food and consume it when it is already synthesized and is finally
- Decomposers that are those that feed on organic substances in the process of decomposition.
In summary, biotic factors can be defined as the set of organisms of a species that are located in the same environment, these organisms can be unicellular or multicellular and are also divided into three types that are:
- Individual , referring to any individual organism within an ecosystem,
- population that is a group of individuals within the same area and
- community which groups more than one population and that within the same environment can interact with each other.