Examples of Compounds

We explain the examples of compounds. In chemistry, compounds are substances that result from the combination of two or more elements. Due to the chemical phenomena that occur on the planet and also due to the intervention of humanity, the atoms of the elements have always tended to form bonds with each other, and they end up presenting themselves in very varied stable forms. The union of two or more atoms is called a molecule , and it is the unit that defines chemical compounds.

The vast majority of known substances are compounds. The human body is made up of them and their functions are driven by chemical reactions in which they participate. Compounds are completely new pure substances with properties that can be similar or different from those of the elements that make them up. The most important characteristics that define a compound are the following:

  • Physical state
  • Appearance
  • Mass
  • Volume
  • Density
  • Melting point
  • Boiling point
  • Specific heat
  • Molecular mass
  • Reactivity

Compound types

Compounds are classified according to the elements that make them up into two large groups:

  • Inorganic compounds
  • Organic compounds

Inorganic compounds

The inorganic compounds are formed by any of the elements of the periodic table and may be in solid, liquid or gaseous state. Atoms combine from two onwards and are usually linked by ionic and covalent bonds. They tend to be soluble in water and other solvents. Their molecular weights cover a short range. Inorganic chemical compounds include:

  • Oxides
  • Sulfides
  • Binary salts
  • Oxisales
  • Hydracids
  • Oxyacids
  • Hydroxides

All of them make up the rocky and non-living part of the earth’s crust, creating deposits, minerals, mountain systems and the soil, the nutritional base on which plants develop. In addition, those that appear in the gaseous state, accompany oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere.

Organic compounds

The organic compounds are mainly formed by covalent bonds between carbon atoms , which are capable of forming long chains, so that their molecular weights become so high. The valences of the carbons that make up the chain are completed by hydrogen atoms (H). In addition, atoms of other elements such as oxygen (O), sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and halogens can be included. Organic compounds include:

  • Alkanes
  • Alkenes
  • Alkynes
  • Alcohols
  • Aldehydes
  • Ketones
  • Carboxylic acids
  • Amines
  • Amides
  • Ethers
  • Esters
  • Acid anhydrides

Organic compounds also include those that make up biological structures, which are:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Protein
  • Vitamins
  • Enzymes
  • Polymers

Examples of compounds

Examples of inorganic compounds

  1. NaCl sodium chloride
  2. Potassium Chloride KCl
  3. Hydrochloric acid HCl
  4. Sulfurous acid H2SO3
  5. Sulfuric acid H2SO4
  6. Nitric acid HNO3
  7. H2O water
  8. Phosphoric acid H3PO4
  9. Phosphorous acid H3PO3
  10. Sodium hydroxide NaOH
  11. Potassium hydroxide KOH
  12. Magnesium hydroxide Mg (OH) 2
  13. Calcium hydroxide Ca (OH) 2
  14. Aluminum hydroxide Al (OH) 3
  15. Na2SO4 sodium sulfate
  16. Potassium sulfate K2SO4
  17. Magnesium Sulfate MgSO4
  18. Calcium sulfate CaSO4
  19. Na3PO4 sodium phosphate
  20. Potassium phosphate K3PO4
  21. Magnesium phosphate Mg3 (PO4) 2
  22. Calcium phosphate Ca3 (PO4) 2
  23. Ferrous oxide FeO
  24. Ferric oxide Fe2O3
  25. Zinc oxide ZnO
  26. Sodium oxide Na2O
  27. Potassium oxide K2O
  28. Magnesium oxide MgO
  29. Calcium oxide CaO
  30. Aluminum oxide Al2O3

Examples of organic compounds

  1. CH4 methane
  2. Ethane C2H6
  3. Propane C3H8
  4. Butane C4H10
  5. Pentane C5H12
  6. Hexane C6H14
  7. Ethylene CH2 = CH2
  8. Acetylene CH≡CH
  9. Methanol CH3OH
  10. Ethanol C2H5OH
  11. Propanol C3H7OH
  12. Butanol C4H9OH
  13. Formaldehyde HCHO
  14. Acetaldehyde CH3CHO
  15. Propionaldenido C2H5CHO
  16. Butyraldehyde C3H7CHO
  17. Acetone (CH3) C = O
  18. Formic acid HCOOH
  19. Acetic acid CH3COOH
  20. Propionic acid C2H5COOH
  21. Butyric acid C3H7COOH
  22. Methylamine CH3NH2
  23. Ethylamine C2H5NH2
  24. Propylamine C3H7NH2
  25. Methyl chloride CH3Cl
  26. Ethyl bromide C2H5Br
  27. Benzene C6H6
  28. Phenol C6H5OH
  29. Toluene C6H5CH3
  30. Benzoic acid C6H5COOH

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