Although the values may vary depending on the particular culture in which they are developed, in recent times several factors have had adverse influences on their teaching or inculcation, mainly with respect to the new generations developed in broken or fragile family and cultural environments ( separated families or in which one of the parents is missing, precarious social environments, etc.), where the teaching of traditionally “appropriate” values is poor.
Examples of cultural values:
1. Love for the family.- Love or belonging to the family is a value that concerns the appreciation and selfless reciprocity that exists between the members of a family. We could say that it is one of the universal values present in all human cultures.
2. Filial love.- It is about the feeling of adhesion, affection and tenderness that sons and daughters have towards their parents, a value that includes within itself, values such as the care of parents in all aspects, on the part of their children, in an absolutely disinterested way. This cultural value belongs to family values and at the same time to the religious values proclaimed by different religions and creeds.
3. Patriotism.- Patriotism is a value that is instilled from childhood, so that both national symbols (such as the flag, the national anthem, national heroes, and other national symbols) are appreciated, as an integrating and binding part of the individual with the entire national community, linking through the feeling of being linked through the union of belonging to the same country.
4. Respect for traditions.- Respect for the promotion and continuity of use of the cultural traditions of the peoples, such as dances, styles of music, clothing, or the gastronomy of a culturally defined region, are cultural values that are promoted by the community (national community, indigenous community, or another type of related community), it is a value of this type.
5. Respect for the elderly.- This is another of the values that we could call universal towards almost all cultures, although in recent times this along with other traditional cultural values, have been declining in practice due to the lack of inculcation of the same, coupled with the relaxed life that currently tends to exist in this regard.
6. Respect for parents.- Respect for procreators is one of the values that we can find in almost all cultures.
7. Beauty.- Beauty is a value whose nuances depend directly on the canons of each culture, so they can vary, that is, the concept of what is beautiful, depends on the particular merit or attractiveness that is perceived in each culture, for example the concept of beauty that is had according to European and Western cultural values about women, differ from the aesthetic concepts that are possessed in different cultures such as that of the Bushmen of Africa, and these concepts of what what is beautiful, they influence the emotional and intrapersonal development of each individual and their social development within their environment.
8. Religion.- Religion or religiosity and mysticism are cultural values that are acquired within the environment of the person from childhood, being that religious teachings and the values that religions teach, imbue and influence the individual in their intrapersonal behavior.
9. Respect what is foreign.- Respect for what is foreign, whether it be for the goods or the thoughts and ideas, interests and others that another person possesses, is one of the values that allow a good coexistence within a society.
10. Obedience.- Obedience either to a hierarchical superior, to parents or to some other authority figure, is a cultural value.
More Examples of cultural values
It is important to emphasize that cultural values group within themselves moral and religious values , since the latter are part of the culture of each place. Some examples of cultural values are:
When a culture of a certain country has the value of education, it means that it gives importance to its citizens being informed and having knowledge about the different areas of knowledge. Education enhances the abilities and talents of each person, but it also allows them to tame or refine their basic instincts.
The family is one of the most important cultural elements around the world. In fact, in almost all regions of the planet family you have a weight notable in the development of each citizen. For this reason, this value constitutes one of the fundamental pillars within different modern cultures.
Although the traditional concept of family has been diluted with modernity and has introduced new patterns (single mothers / fathers, homosexual marriages, artificial insemination, among others), it is still considered that this value notably conditions people during their growth.
The tradition encompasses the worldview, social and linguistic practices, rituals and customs of each region, which were obtained from previous generations. The importance of this value lies in the possibility that it offers communities to know their own origins.
It is a value not only cultural, but also universal and sometimes religious. Peace consists of a social harmony or balance that is desired by most human groups.
The memory collective is one of the cultural values that best defended over time, since conservation can protect the art, history and political work of each community. In fact, on many occasions, researchers affirm that a society commits the same mistakes repeatedly due to its lack of collective memory.
Art is considered a cultural value because it allows exploring the subjectivities of man, as well as knowing the idiosyncrasy of his society. That is, the artists in their works capture the traditions and ideas of the community to which they belong.
It is considered a cultural value because it introduces in citizens a sense of belonging and obligation. Through patriotism, the protection of the traditions, history and art of each region can be instilled.
However, this value must be guided by a good education, since a radical position can cause xenophobia or other social conflicts that generate intolerance.
This is a fairly recent value; It was not until the nineteenth century that childhood began to be perceived as an important aspect in the development of each individual. Previously, children were considered as little people whose value only began when they were integrated into the mechanisms of production.
This can be seen in pictorial works. For example, in the paintings corresponding to the Spanish Baroque, children were portrayed in adult clothing and postures. Later, with the arrival of Impressionism and other artistic currents of the 19th century, children began to represent themselves with more suitable clothes and carrying out children’s activities.
Today, most societies are aware that childhood is a very important time, which must be protected and nurtured. For this reason it is considered a cultural value.
Justice is a crucial precept within the formation of societies. It is considered a fairly old value, as has been corroborated in the old codices and texts of the civilizations of the past. Some researchers affirm that the first notions of justice appear in the Hammurabi code, where robbery, murder, among other crimes, were criminalized.
Justice is established through the development of a common legislative regulation, which is built through a collective and majority idea about what is fair and what is unfair.
It is one of the most important values of humanity, whose preponderance extends around the world. Freedom consists of the free will that individuals have over their goods and their bodies.
Despite the universality of this value, freedom can have its nuances depending on the region. For example, some Westerners would consider that in the East freedom is restricted, however, each country has its own conception of freedom according to its beliefs and ways of life.
Importance of cultural values
Cultural values, although they are abstract and intangible concepts, are assets and heritage that protect people’s identity. Likewise, they configure the way of thinking of nations and allow the construction of feelings such as roots and belonging.
In other words, cultural values are important because they constitute the characteristics of all human beings. In addition, they are elements that differentiate us from other living beings and demonstrate the complexity of life in society.
Cultural values of Mexico
Mexico is a country rich in artistic manifestations, especially in the area of painting. For this reason, art is one of the most important cultural values for this nation. Mexico stands out for protecting its mural painting, a tradition that has been maintained from Mayan paintings to the appearance of renowned 20th century artists such as José Clemente Orozco and Diego Rivera.
Similarly, Mexicans attach great importance to family. They are very close to their relatives and tend to put the family ahead of any other vital aspect; They are also characterized by their companionship and by their cheerful character.
It is important to highlight that Mexico has diverse cultural values, where pre-Hispanic, colonial and modern aspects are mixed. The language is a very important value within this region, since it is a country where several indigenous dialects are used.
For Mexicans, tradition is also very important. They have several institutions and museums that protect the objects of their pre-Hispanic ancestors.
Cultural values of Colombia
The cultural values of Colombia are built from the heritage of indigenous peoples, along with certain Spanish traditions and African customs. It is a nation that, like Mexico, values artistic manifestations; Colombia stands out for its local rhythms, such as vallenato, a musical genre highly appreciated by this society.
He has also stood out in a notorious way in the field of literature , having important writers such as Gabriel García Márquez, Eduardo Caballero Calderón and Álvaro Mutis. Furthermore, it was the first country in America to inaugurate an Academy of the Spanish Language in 1871. For this reason, the language is one of the most influential cultural values within this region.
Cultural values of Argentina
Argentina is a region that greatly values tradition, memory and art. It is also characterized by its patriotic notions. It has a well developed and protected folklore; for example, Argentines greatly appreciate his artistic manifestations such as tango and literature.
Some researchers affirm that sport has become an Argentine cultural value, since this country has excelled in soccer for several decades. This means that sporting events are part of the cultural identity of Argentines.
Similarly, Argentina values freedom and is characterized by its tolerance, since it is a nation that has been formed through several waves of migration.
Cultural values of Venezuela
The Venezuelan territories are characterized by their patriotic devotion, where the figure of Simón Bolívar, along with that of the other heroes of Independence, have built a large part of the national identity. For this reason, in Venezuela the cultural values that are most appreciated are freedom and the Homeland.
Some artistic manifestations are also valued, such as traditional dance and the joropo. Likewise, in Venezuela considerable weight is given to gastronomy, of which most Venezuelans are proud. It is a mixed culture, where Western traditions are combined with indigenous and African elements.