Examples of Hydrides


Hydrides are chemical compounds that result from the combination of hydrogen atoms and metallic elements. The formation of a hydride occurs when the hydrogen atom has a negative charge and this happens when it joins with a metal electron. When the hydride is formed with this mixture, its oxidation number is -1.

The formula of hydrides is represented in this way XHn , X is the metallic element, H is hydrogen and n is the oxidation number.

These compounds have certain characteristics such as:

  • not have metal and hydrogen ratios with whole numbers
  • they are conductors of electricity except in the case of being saline hydrides

Examples of hydrides

  1. Ferric hydride
  2. Sodium hydride
  3. Lithium hydride
  4. Phosphine
  5. Bismutin
  6. Borano
  7. Methane
  8. Hydrochloric acid
  9. Hydrofluoric acid
  10. Silver hydride
  11. Gold hydride
  12. Cupric Hydride
  13. Sodium hydride
  14. Barium hydride
  15. Permanganic hydride
  16. Ammonia
  17. Arcina
  18. Tellurhydric acid
  19. Stibinite or antimonite
  20. Hydrobromic acid
  21. Silane
  22. Hydrofluoric acid
  23. Hydrochloric acid
  24. Selenhydric acid
  25. Hydroiodic acid
  26. Hydrogen sulfide

They can also be classified into three types that are:

    • metal hydrides: the former are composed of alkaline and alkaline earth elements
    • volatile hydrides: the latter are composed of non-metallic and low-electronegative elements
    • Hydric hydrides: hydric hydrides are those that result from the mixture of hydrogen and collagen.

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