Examples of Interspecific Relationships
The interspecific interactions are interactions that occur in nature between organisms of different species, contrary to the intraspecific that occur between organisms of the same species.
Interspecific ones occur between animals that have different characteristics, but that live within the same ecosystem and these links (short, medium or long term) can be classified in different ways, such as parasitism and predation. In the latter, one animal feeds on another to survive.
The neutralism is a type of interaction in which two different species coexist in the same environment and none is harmed: the coexistence is peaceful or neutral.
Another case is amensalism in which one of the species is harmed, for example, trees of large species that grow to cover other smaller ones and prevent them from growing normally.
The comensalismo is a case in which the benefit is mutual or just one party benefits and the other gets nothing but not out injured, is the case of birds such as gulls that feed on fish remains after a day of fishing .
25 Examples of Interspecific Relationships
- Bacteria in the intestines of humans.
- Some types of wasp that lay their eggs on the caterpillars, when the larvae hatch they eat the caterpillar.
- The bees when feeding on the nectar of the flowers and instead spread the pollen of them.
- Clownfish and actinias, said fish hides in actinias in order to hide from predators.
- The hermit crab hiding inside dead snail shells.
- A fox and a wolf competing to hunt the same animal, a hare or a rodent.
- When the lion goes after the gazelle for food.
- When there is no kinship relationship, but they have a specific objective and that is protection.
- When one species benefits from the other without it being affected.
- When the parasite benefits from the host causing death.
- Birds that build nests between tree branches or sleeping between branches.
- Certain plants can disperse their seeds to repopulate a forest, when ants or another species have destroyed them.
- The woodpecker, which pierces certain trees to build its nest.
- Flies that lay their eggs on the corpses of other animals, so that their larvae can grow and eat.
- Remoras as a means of transport to sharks, without them hardly noticing.
- The anemones that use some shells of the mussels, without causing them damage.
- When a furry animal drags with plant seeds caught in its hair.
- Some prawns and crustaceans feed on ectoparasites that are in the scales and skin of fish. In this way they clean them too.
- Vultures and other animals that eat the remains of animals that have been eaten by other species, such as lions.
- Some types of birds that “parasitize” the nests of others, leaving their eggs to be raised by them.
- Some insects lay their eggs inside or on the skin of other species so that their larvae feed as they grow.
- The ants rub the aphids with their antennae, in this way a substance is secreted to feed them, while the aphids protect themselves from other insects with the ants.
- Prawns kill parasites found on the skin of some fish.
- The tarantula allows the narrow-mouthed toad to stay in its cave to guard it from parasites and take care of its eggs. The toad gets food.
- Birds feed on the parasites that hippos have on their skin, and they benefit from it.
Types of Interspecific Relationships
The main and most important types of relationships are as follows:
- Predation: it is the capture that predators exert on their prey where they do not have any type of relationship.
- Parasitism: it is the relationship that begins when an individual, the parasite, feeds on the other individual until it causes death.
- Mutualism: it is the relationship where 2 species are associated to obtain a mutual benefit.
- Commensalism: relationship of 2 species where one, that is, the diner benefits without affecting the other.
- Foresia: Animals of one species use the other as a means of transportation.
- Thanatocresis: One organism uses the remains of another for its own benefit.
- Competition: Two species compete for the same resource.
- Symbiosis : relationship that benefits both or two.
- Inquilinismo: An animal takes refuge in the body or some rest of another.
- Herbivory: animals that use plants for food or other activities.
- Exploitation: When a species uses a lot the resources of another.
- Epibiosis: A sessile species that lives on top of another.
- Amensalism: When one species is harmed in the relationship and the other does not suffer any effect, neither negative nor positive.