Liquefaction brought several changes in industrial processes. But it has not only allowed the production of gases such as hydrogen , argon, nitrogen or neon, it has also been of great help in the analysis of the most important properties of gas molecules .
15 Examples of Liquefaction
- The liquid contained within the lighters are obtained by this process.
- The liquefied chlorine which is used in the purification of the water.
- Liquid nitrogen which is used in medicine, in dermatology to be more exact.
- Liquid oxygen which has many applications in treatments for people with respiratory problems.
- Liquefied petroleum gas is one of the best known and is used in cooling and ventilation systems.
- Compressed natural gas.
- Liquid oxygen is transported in hospitals and clinics and once it recovers its pressure it returns to its gaseous form.
- Helium liquefaction, for magnets.
- Air liquefaction, for industrial use.
- Liquefaction of ammonia to obtain cleaners or solvents
- Liquefied noble gases, widely used in the field of infrared spectroscopy.
- Liquefied argon Scientifically used in the pursuit of dark matter.
- Ordinary lighters the liquid they contain are liquefied gases when igniting the spark returns to its gaseous form.
- Superconductors are equipment that generates a lot of heat and for this liquefied gases are used.
- Aerosols and sprays. It is gas under high pressure.
Types of Liquefaction
Here are some types of liquefaction and are as follows:
- Gas liquefaction: it usually occurs when a substance goes from a gaseous to a liquid state.
- Soil liquefaction: it is the process of loss of resistance of some types of soils.
- Direct coal liquefaction: it is a chemical process that converts coal into a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons.