Examples of Liquefaction
The liquefaction: It is a process that transforms the gas in liquid . This process takes place when the temperature and pressure are subjected to a very high pressure. Every gas has a point at which the temperature produces boiling and below this is the liquid state; in many cases the boiling will depend on the pressure of the atmosphere.
Liquefaction brought several changes in industrial processes. But it has not only allowed the production of gases such as hydrogen , argon, nitrogen or neon, it has also been of great help in the analysis of the most important properties of gas molecules .
15 Examples of Liquefaction
- The liquid contained within the lighters are obtained by this process.
- The liquefied chlorine which is used in the purification of the water.
- Liquid nitrogen which is used in medicine, in dermatology to be more exact.
- Liquid oxygen which has many applications in treatments for people with respiratory problems.
- Liquefied petroleum gas is one of the best known and is used in cooling and ventilation systems.
- Compressed natural gas.
- Liquid oxygen is transported in hospitals and clinics and once it recovers its pressure it returns to its gaseous form.
- Helium liquefaction, for magnets.
- Air liquefaction, for industrial use.
- Liquefaction of ammonia to obtain cleaners or solvents
- Liquefied noble gases, widely used in the field of infrared spectroscopy.
- Liquefied argon Scientifically used in the pursuit of dark matter.
- Ordinary lighters the liquid they contain are liquefied gases when igniting the spark returns to its gaseous form.
- Superconductors are equipment that generates a lot of heat and for this liquefied gases are used.
- Aerosols and sprays. It is gas under high pressure.
Types of Liquefaction
Here are some types of liquefaction and are as follows:
- Gas liquefaction: it usually occurs when a substance goes from a gaseous to a liquid state.
- Soil liquefaction: it is the process of loss of resistance of some types of soils.
- Direct coal liquefaction: it is a chemical process that converts coal into a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons.