Examples of Matter

We explain that what are examples of matter? The material is all that covers a place in the universe; it forms all the substances that exist and thus the bodies with which we interact in reality. According to atomic theories , matter is made up of fundamental particles called atoms . Atoms are like the building blocks that make it possible to understand its nature much better.

Atoms are in turn made up of a nucleus and orbitals around it. The nucleus has protons (positively charged particles) and neutrons (uncharged particles); and the orbitals, organized like the orbits of the planets around the sun, carry electrons (negatively charged particles). Having understood this, it must be clarified that each type of matter is made up of a type of atoms.

One type of atom has its own number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus, and a certain number of electrons orbiting around it. When you arrange a large number of atoms together, you will have a substance . Every substance is a type of matter , as is, and therefore it will have physical and chemical properties with which it will participate in the tangible world.

Properties of matter

Matter in general has properties that represent it, and they are:

  • It can be perceived with the senses or with electronic equipment . If it is perceived minimally with one of the senses, then it is known that it exists and that it is present there. For matter that is colorless, odorless and tasteless, there is electronic equipment that measures properties such as the absorption or emission spectrum, and thus identifies which it is.
  • It is in one of the states of aggregation : solid, liquid, gaseous, plasma, so, depending on which it is, it takes on a physical behavior .
  • When it participates in chemical reactions, it obeys the so-called Law of Conservation of Matter , which says: “Matter is neither created nor destroyed, it only transforms . ” Atoms will be rearranged into different types of matter, but there will still be the same number of them.
  • If it is part of the inert world, such as mineral deposits, volcanoes, sea water, and mountain systems, then it is inorganic matter .
  • If it is part of the living world or its derivatives, such as plants, animals, microorganisms and humanity, then it will be organic matter .

Types of matter

All matter formed by organized atoms is known as a substance, and this will be classified depending on two criteria: its chemical nature and its purity .

Types of matter according to their chemical nature

According to its chemical nature, the types of matter or substances that exist are two:

  • Chemical elements
  • Chemical compounds

The chemicals are substances that are formed by one type of atoms , organized together to some degree, and presented in one of the states of matter. The elements have been studied throughout history by many famous chemists, and it was Dmitri Mendeleev who arranged them in the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements, according to their properties.

The chemicals are substances that are formed by two or more different types of atoms , linked together to form molecules . Molecules are then the basic unit of chemical compounds, which in turn have unique properties, and particular physical and chemical behaviors.

Types of matter according to their purity

The purity is the property of matter indicating whether predominates in the place where it is located, or if it is accompanied by various other types of materials in the same space. Understanding this criterion, the matter is classified into two types:

  • Pure matter
  • Impure matter or mixtures

The pure material is formed to which is 100% by a chemical element or a chemical compound. All its atoms or molecules, respectively, are identical. It does not have in its composition another different substance that alters its properties or its physical appearance.

The impure material or mixtures are combinations of two or more pure materials. They are physically agglomerated and depending on their appearance they will be of two types:

  • Homogeneous mixtures : they have a single phase.
  • Heterogeneous mixtures : they have two or more phases (visible layers).

25 examples of matter (common objects):

  1. Water
  2. Paper
  3. The phone
  4. Bed
  5. Computer
  6. The washing-machine
  7. Milk
  8. Honey
  9. A CD
  10. A chocolate
  11. A music record
  12. A DVD
  13. A balloon
  14. A book
  15. A table
  16. A dog
  17. A sofa
  18. A TV
  19. A pen
  20. A chair
  21. A rock
  22. A tree
  23. Paper
  24. A TV
  25. A person

15 Examples of matter (heterogeneous mixtures):

  1. Water and diesel.
  2. Water and gasoline.
  3. Water and gravel.
  4. Water and oil.
  5. Dust and air.
  6. Earth and sawdust.
  7. Beans and Peas.
  8. Peas and lima beans.
  9. Vinegar and oil.
  10. Water and sand
  11. Rice with beans.
  12. Beans and marbles
  13. Leaf litter and dry twigs.
  14. The sand and river stones.
  15. The record and the sand.

15 Examples of matter (homogeneous mixtures):

  1. Water with salt
  2. Hydrochloric acid in water.
  3. Sulfuric acid.
  4. Chlorine dissolved in water.
  5. Vinegar with water
  6. The dough of a bread.
  7. The cookie dough.
  8. Caustic soda dissolved in water.
  9. Mix of cement with water and sand.
  10. Painting with oil.
  11. Ink with water.
  12. Ink with alcohol.
  13. Milk
  14. Milk with coffee
  15. Coffee with water

117 examples of matter (chemical elements):

  1. Actinium
  2. Aluminum
  3. Americium
  4. Antimony
  5. Argon
  6. Arsenic
  7. Astatus
  8. Sulfur
  9. Barium
  10. Berkelium
  11. Beryllium
  12. Bismuth
  13. Bohrio
  14. Boron
  15. Bromine
  16. Cadmium
  17. Calcium
  18. Californium
  19. Carbon
  20. Cerium
  21. Cesium
  22. Chlorine
  23. Cobalt
  24. Copper
  25. Chrome
  26. Curium
  27. Copernicus
  28. Darmstadio
  29. Dysprosium
  30. Dubnium
  31. Einsteinium
  32. Erbium
  33. Scandium
  34. Tin
  35. Strontium
  36. Europium
  37. Fermium
  38. Fluorine
  39. Match
  40. Francium
  41. Gadolinium
  42. Gallium
  43. Germanium
  44. Hafnium
  45. Hassio
  46. Helium
  47. Hydrogen
  48. Iron
  49. Holmium
  50. Indian
  51. Iridium
  52. Ytterbium
  53. Yttrium
  54. Krypton
  55. Lanthanum
  56. Lawrencio
  57. Lithium
  58. Lutetium
  59. Magnesium
  60. Manganese
  61. Meitnerius
  62. Mendelevium
  63. Mercury
  64. Molybdenum
  65. Neodymium
  66. Neon
  67. Neptunium
  68. Niobium
  69. Nickel
  70. Nitrogen
  71. Nobelio
  72. Gold
  73. Osmium
  74. Oxygen
  75. Palladium
  76. Silver
  77. Platinum
  78. Lead
  79. Plutonium
  80. Polonium
  81. Potassium
  82. Praseodymium
  83. Promise
  84. Protactinium
  85. Radio
  86. Radon
  87. Rhenium
  88. Rhodium
  89. Rubidium
  90. Roentgenio
  91. Ruthenium
  92. Rutherfordio
  93. Samarium
  94. Seaborgio
  95. Selenium
  96. Silicon
  97. Sodium
  98. Thallium
  99. Tantalum
  100. Technetium
  101. Tellurium
  102. Terbium
  103. Titanium
  104. Thorium
  105. Thulium
  106. Tungsten
  107. Ununtrium
  108. Flerovio
  109. Ununpentium
  110. Livermorio
  111. Ununseptio
  112. Uranium
  113. Vanadium
  114. Xenon
  115. Iodine
  116. Zinc
  117. Zirconium

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