The neurotransmitters are some chemicals that are found in the body, especially in the brain, and are in charge of sending signals to the body by neurons.
The information is sent to the brain, to the muscles and vice versa through a space or points of contact, which are also known as synapses , these substances are essential to transmit nervous stimuli and therefore are a fundamental part between the brain and the entire nervous system.
We can highlight that neurotransmitters are also considered as biomolecules, which are synthesized by neurons. In addition, they are responsible for sending information and stimuli from the brain to the muscles and other glands that can produce sensations such as excitement.
15 Examples of Neurotransmitters
- GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid)
- Opioid peptides
Neurotransmitters and their functions
These were discovered in 1921 by Otto Loewi and neurotransmitters have their functions and are as follows:
- Amino acids: they are organic molecules and are made up of 2 groups: amino and carboxyl.
- Monoamines: they are molecules derived from aromatic amino acids.
- Peptides: they are molecules formed by the union of several amino acids and this is due to the special bonds called peptides.