Examples of Raw Materials

What are raw materials examples? It is called raw materials to substances or materials that come from nature and humanity draws to transform them into finished products , also known as consumer goods. Raw materials are added to a preparation process , combining with others of a different type under the influence of mechanical work or energy. Once all of them are incorporated, they result in the finished product that will add its usefulness to everyday life.

Types of raw materials

Raw materials can be divided according to two main criteria:

  • According to its initial state
  • According to its origin

Types of raw materials according to their initial state

Depending on their initial state, raw materials are classified into three categories:

  • Raw materials in crude
  • Raw materials in their natural state
  • Consumable raw materials

The raw materials raw are those that make up a more complex and therefore need to be separated before use. As an example , hydrocarbons , organic chemical compounds that are part of oil, but must be obtained from it through physical processes. Later, in their purest possible state, they can be used for specific purposes.

The raw materials in their natural state are those that can be used directly to produce products from them. For example, wood from trees that is cut and joined with nails and glue to make furniture; precious stones, cut with a metal tip and well polished, can be put into jewelry; the sand, which when melted creates the glass.

The consumable raw materials are used to create a product, but the end is not part of it. They are agents who participate so that the process is easier and less money is spent on production. An example is fuel oil, an extremely thick liquid that is burned to generate heat and thus create steam in the boilers of thermoelectric plants. These types of raw materials can be renewable or non-renewable, depending on how they can be made available in nature again.

Types of raw materials according to their origin

Depending on their origin or provenance from nature, raw materials are classified into:

  • Mineral raw materials
  • Animal raw materials
  • Vegetable raw materials
  • Fossil raw materials

The raw minerals are inorganic substances that make up the earth ‘s crust. They are found in mountains and underground deposits, and have been formed by conditions of humidity and high pressure. In this category are metals and salts such as chlorides, sulfides, bromides and silicates, for example.

Animal raw materials are those that come from some animal species. It can be their meat, their fat, their milk, their skins. In this case, products made from them also count as raw materials, such as cooked meat, cheeses, butter, cream; This is because these products are part of other more complex products, such as cakes and dishes that we consume in restaurants.

Plant raw materials constitute parts or all of plant species. The proportion of them that are used will depend on the process in question. For example, from trees, wood can be used to make furniture or dry logs as firewood to generate heat for an environment. Of some medicinal plants such as chamomile, spearmint and oregano, the dehydrated leaves are used to prepare infusions (tea).

The raw materials fossils are all those substances come from the subsoil as a result of the formation of sediments and high pressures them with the passage of time from the geologic eras. It is about oil and all its components, such as methane gas, propane gas, butane gas, octanes, fuel oil, diesel, benzene, naphthalene. From them, plastics such as polyethylene and polypropylene can be created.

80 examples of raw materials

  1. Olive oil
  2. Safflower oil
  3. Soy oil
  4. Steel
  5. Acetate
  6. Water
  7. Methyl alcohol
  8. Ethyl alcohol
  9. Isopropyl alcohol
  10. Alum
  11. Sand
  12. Air
  13. Alabastrite
  14. Cotton
  15. Aluminum
  16. Baking soda
  17. Borano
  18. Mud
  19. Slaked lime
  20. Quicklime
  21. Hemp
  22. Coal
  23. Meat
  24. Rubber
  25. Cement
  26. Prune
  27. Copper
  28. Crystal
  29. Leather
  30. Essences
  31. Tin
  32. Ethylene glycol
  33. Fibers
  34. Beans
  35. Natural gas
  36. LP gas
  37. Germanium
  38. Animal fats
  39. Gravel
  40. Hydrogen
  41. Peppermint
  42. Iron
  43. Egg
  44. Wool
  45. Milk
  46. Yeasts
  47. Linen
  48. Wood
  49. Magnesium
  50. Corn
  51. Chamomile
  52. Marble
  53. Honey
  54. Oregano
  55. Gold
  56. Oxygen
  57. Peroxide
  58. Petroleum
  59. Limestone
  60. Precious stones
  61. Silver
  62. Lead
  63. Pens
  64. Polyethylene
  65. Polypropylene
  66. Polyurethane
  67. Polyester
  68. Polycarbonate
  69. Polystyrene
  70. Seeds
  71. Silica
  72. Silicon
  73. Titanium
  74. Wheat
  75. Uranium
  76. Raisins
  77. Vanadium
  78. Vinegar
  79. Cast
  80. Zinc

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