Examples of Salts

We explain that what are examples of Salts? In chemistry, salts are the chemical compounds that are formed by the ionic bond between a metal , which acts as a positive ion or cation, and an anion that can be a non-metal or a radical. They come from the reaction between an acid and a base, where the acid provides the anion, while the base provides the cation for the creation of the salt molecule, leaving water as a secondary product.

The salts are characterized by being ionic compounds. They are generally soluble in water , creating aqueous solutions . Inside this liquid they separate into their ions, giving the mixture the ability to conduct an electric current. They are found in nature in large quantities, as components of soil, seawater and minerals that are produced in underground deposits.

Types of salts

Salts are classified according to the atoms that make up their molecule in binary and oxysal salts.

  • The binary salts are those which are only formed by two elements, which are a metal and a nonmetal. They are more abundant in sea water. For example, sodium chloride (NaCl).
  • The oxysalts are those carrying the metal as cation and an anion consisting of a non – metal and one or more oxygen atoms. For example, sodium sulfate Na 2 SO 4 .

More than 100 examples of salts

  1. NaCl sodium chloride
  2. Potassium Chloride KCl
  3. Rubidium Chloride RbCl
  4. Cesium Chloride CsCl
  5. Magnesium chloride MgCl 2
  6. Calcium chloride CaCl 2
  7. Strontium Chloride SrCl 2
  8. Barium Chloride BaCl 2
  9. Aluminum Chloride AlCl 3
  10. Zinc Chloride ZnCl 2
  11. Ferrous Chloride FeCl 2
  12. Ferric chloride FeCl 3
  13. Mercurous Chloride HgCl
  14. Mercuric Chloride HgCl 2
  15. Cuprous chloride CuCl
  16. Cupric chloride CuCl 2
  17. Sodium bromide NaBr
  18. Potassium Bromide KBr
  19. Rubidium Bromide RbBr
  20. Cesium Bromide CsBr
  21. Magnesium Bromide MgBr 2
  22. CaBr 2 calcium bromide
  23. Strontium Bromide SrBr 2
  24. Barium Bromide BaBr 2
  25. Aluminum bromide AlBr 3
  26. Zinc Bromide ZnBr 2
  27. Ferrous bromide FeBr 2
  28. Ferric bromide FeBr 3
  29. Mercurous bromide HgBr
  30. Mercuric Bromide HgBr 2
  31. Cuprous bromide CuBr
  32. Cupric bromide CuBr 2
  33. NaI sodium iodide
  34. Potassium Iodide KI
  35. Rubidium Iodide RbI
  36. Cesium Iodide CsI
  37. Magnesium Iodide MgI 2
  38. Calcium iodide CaI 2
  39. Strontium Iodide SrI 2
  40. Barium Iodide BaI 2
  41. Aluminum Iodide AlI 3
  42. Zinc Iodide ZnI 2
  43. Ferrous Iodide FeI 2
  44. Ferric Iodide FeI 3
  45. Mercurous Iodide HgI
  46. Mercuric Iodide HgI 2
  47. Cuprous Iodide CuI
  48. Cupric Iodide CuI 2
  49. Sodium sulfate Na 2 SO 4
  50. Potassium sulfate K 2 SO 4
  51. Rubidium sulfate Rb 2 SO 4
  52. Cesium sulfate Cs 2 SO 4
  53. Magnesium Sulfate MgSO 4
  54. Calcium sulfate CaSO 4
  55. Strontium Sulfate SrSO 4
  56. Barium Sulfate BaSO 4
  57. Aluminum sulfate Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3
  58. Zinc sulfate ZnSO 4
  59. Ferrous sulfate FeSO 4
  60. Ferric sulfate Fe 2 (SO 4 ) 3
  61. Mercurous sulfate Hg 2 SO 4
  62. Mercuric Sulfate HgSO 4
  63. Cuprous sulfate Cu 2 SO 4
  64. Cupric sulfate CuSO 4
  65. Sodium carbonate Na 2 CO 3
  66. Potassium carbonate K 2 CO 3
  67. Rubidium carbonate Rb 2 CO 3
  68. Cesium carbonate Cs 2 CO 3
  69. Magnesium carbonate MgCO 3
  70. Calcium carbonate CaCO 3
  71. Strontium carbonate SrCO 3
  72. Barium carbonate BaCO 3
  73. Aluminum carbonate Al 2 (CO 3 ) 3
  74. Zinc carbonate ZnCO 3
  75. Ferrous carbonate FeCO 3
  76. Ferric carbonate Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3
  77. Mercurous carbonate Hg 2 CO 3
  78. Mercuric carbonate HgCO 3
  79. Cuprous carbonate Cu 2 CO 3
  80. Cupric carbonate CuCO 3
  81. Acid sodium carbonate NaHCO 3
  82. Potassium acid carbonate NaHCO 3
  83. Potassium permanganate KMnO 4
  84. NaMnO 4 sodium permanganate
  85. Sodium chromate Na 2 CrO 4
  86. Potassium chromate K 2 CrO 4
  87. Sodium dichromate Na 2 Cr 2 O 7
  88. Potassium dichromate K 2 Cr 2 O 7
  89. Sodium nitrate NaNO 3
  90. Potassium nitrate KNO 3
  91. Rubidium nitrate RbNO 3
  92. Magnesium nitrate Mg (NO 3 ) 2
  93. Calcium nitrate Ca (NO 3 ) 2
  94. Barium nitrate Ba (NO 3 ) 2
  95. Ferrous nitrate Fe (NO 3 ) 2
  96. Ferric nitrate Fe (NO 3 ) 3
  97. Sodium phosphate Na 3 PO 4
  98. Potassium phosphate K 3 PO 4
  99. Rubidium phosphate Rb 3 PO 4
  100. Cesium phosphate Cs 3 PO 4
  101. Magnesium phosphate Mg 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  102. Calcium phosphate Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  103. Strontium phosphate Sr 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  104. Barium phosphate Ba 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  105. Aluminum Phosphate AlPO 4
  106. Zinc phosphate Zn 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  107. Ferrous phosphate Fe 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  108. Ferric phosphate FePO 4
  109. Mercurous phosphate Hg 3 PO 4
  110. Mercuric phosphate Hg 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  111. Cuprous phosphate Cu 3 PO 4
  112. Cupric phosphate Cu 3 (PO 4 ) 2
  113. Sodium sulphide Na 2 S
  114. Potassium sulphide K 2 S
  115. Rubidium sulfide Rb 2 S
  116. Cesium sulfide Cs 2 S
  117. Magnesium Sulfide MgS
  118. Calcium sulfide CaS
  119. Strontium sulfide SrS
  120. Barium sulfide BaS
  121. Aluminum sulfide Al 2 S 3
  122. Zinc sulfide ZnS
  123. Ferrous sulfide FeS
  124. Ferric sulfide Fe 2 S 3
  125. Mercurous sulfide Hg 2 S
  126. Mercuric Sulfide HgS
  127. Cuprous sulfide Cu 2 S
  128. Cupric sulfide CuS
  129. Stannous sulfide SnS
  130. Stanic sulfide SnS 2

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