Examples of Solids

We explain that what are examples of solid? The solids are all substances that are in the state of aggregation of the same name, at room temperature. They behave differently from gases and liquids due to their characteristics. Its atoms or molecules have a great cohesive force , and are closely bound together. Therefore, its geometric shape is defined .

On the other hand, if the solid is presented as a powder of fine particles, it will take the shape of the container that contains it. This is the case of sand or table salt, for example. However, when viewed under a microscope, it will be noted that they still retain a constant shape. The particles of a solid are generally at rest , so they do not flow on their own.

Due to how compact they are, solids tend to show a much higher density than liquids. This property is the amount of mass in each unit of volume. Also, they are more incompressible than liquids. When pressure is applied to them, they are less likely to cover less volume, make them smaller.

Solids, depending on how their atoms or molecules are organized , can be crystalline or amorphous . Crystalline solids generally carry ionic bonds , and are arranged in ordered structures . When broken, the fragments have a defined geometric shape . The amorphous solids do not have an order as is and when they break they are made irregular pieces.

Solids have a certain degree of hardness , that is, resistance to being scratched or cut by another solid. If they are heated to very high temperatures, they will melt into liquids. The temperature at which the change begins to occur is the melting point . This temperature is what will make the same substance go, the other way around, from a liquid to a solid state when it cools.

If it is metals, they can conduct various types of energy through their particles. Between them:

  • Electric power
  • Thermal energy
  • Mechanical energy

Thanks to this, different types of work can be achieved. Solids function as electrical conductors, thermal conductors, and mechanical parts.

10 examples of solid materials

  1. Wood
  2. Paper
  3. Glass
  4. Steel
  5. Bronze
  6. Iron
  7. Polyethylene
  8. Polypropylene
  9. Polycarbonate
  10. Asbestos

All of the above serve as the basis for creating useful products for humanity, or complementing some already manufactured.

40 examples of metallic solids

  1. Aluminum
  2. Carbon steel
  3. Stainless steel
  4. Barium
  5. Calcium
  6. Cesium
  7. Copper
  8. Cobalt
  9. Cadmium
  10. Chrome
  11. Dysprosium
  12. Erbium
  13. Tin
  14. Strontium
  15. Gadolinium
  16. Holmium
  17. Ytterbium
  18. Lanthanum
  19. Brass
  20. Magnesium
  21. Molybdenum
  22. Nickel
  23. Gold
  24. Osmium
  25. Pewter
  26. Silver
  27. Lead
  28. Potassium
  29. Praseodymium
  30. Promise
  31. Rhenium
  32. Rubidium
  33. Ruthenium
  34. Samarium
  35. Sodium
  36. Terbium
  37. Titanium
  38. Tungsten or tungsten
  39. Vanadium
  40. Zinc

40 examples of mineral solids

  1. Agate
  2. Aquamarine
  3. Amethyst
  4. Amazonite
  5. Aventurine
  6. Azurite
  7. Bentonite
  8. Bornite
  9. Calcite
  10. Citrine
  11. Cornelian
  12. Chrysola
  13. Quartz
  14. Diamond
  15. Emerald
  16. Fluorite
  17. Geode
  18. Garnet
  19. Heliotrope
  20. Hematite
  21. Howlite
  22. Jade
  23. Jasper
  24. Kunzite
  25. Labradorite
  26. Lapis lazuli
  27. Pearl
  28. Malachite
  29. Monazite
  30. Obsidian
  31. Onyx
  32. Opal
  33. Peridot
  34. Pyrite
  35. Rhodochrosite
  36. Ruby
  37. Topaz
  38. Tourmaline
  39. Turquoise
  40. Sapphire

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