The main characteristic of solutions is that they have two elements: a solute and a solvent . The latter is where the solute that is generally found to a lesser extent in the mixture will dissolve .
The term dissolution comes from the Latin word dissolutĭo , which refers to the action and effect of dissolving.
Another dissolution concept
On the other hand, the term dissolution is also used to denote the breakdown of relationships of any kind, norms or customs.
Characteristics of solutions in chemistry
Next, you will see some of the fundamental characteristics of solutions in general.
- Minimum has two components where a lower proportion dissolves in another.
- Being a homogeneous mixture, the components cannot be separated using methods such as centrifugation or filtration, but crystallization and distillation would allow them to be obtained.
- Once the solute dissolves it becomes part of the solvent and is sometimes almost imperceptible.
- As they are not additives, the total volume of the mixture is different from the sum of the volumes of its components.
- The amounts of solutes and solvents will remain the same.
- The solute must always be less in quantity than the solvent, but it will also depend on its level of solubility. However, although the substance is highly soluble, it can hardly be dissolved in a small amount of solvent.
- In these homogeneous mixtures, the solvent reduces its vapor pressure, its freezing point and increases its boiling point.
Examples of solutions
- Aerosol sprays.
- Royal water.
- Air with traces of humidity.
- Alcohol dissolved in water.
- Ammonia in water.
- Sand dissolved in water.
- Sugar dissolved in water.
- Carbonated drinks.
- Drinks with an alcohol content.
- Butane in air.
- Coffee with milk.
- Carbon dissolved in iron (steel).
- Face cream
- Sulfur dioxide dissolved in water.
- The tea.
- Ice cooling.
- Shaving foam.
- Carbon dioxide dissolved in water.
- Hydrogen dissolved in platinum.
- Hydrogen in palladium.
- Powder juices.
- Brass Hydrogen in Platinum.
- Mercury in silver.
- Metal with bubbles.
- Naphthalene in the air.
- Gold dissolved in mercury.
- Oxygen in ocean water.
- Atmospheric dust from the air.
- Salt dissolved in water.
- Physiological solution.
- Water vapor dissolved in the air.
- Vinegar dissolved in water.
- Airborne viruses.
- Sublimated iodine dissolved in nitrogen.
- Zinc dissolved in tin.