For a long time, in all corners of the world, Humanity was in search of a method that would allow it to symbolize and manage information in a way that could be standardized and in this way could be analyzed any place and time by people with the knowledge necessary, to consult or modify it according to the needs. History of Computer what is digital technology Technology what is digital technology examples
From knots in ropes, through clay tables to the first calculating machines , Humanity always found the way to improve itself and its inventions, which resulted, some years later, in which we could land a space probe in the surface of an asteroid to confirm what they are composed of.
INTERESTING: Computer Technology. Definition
This path began when Humanity became industrialized and its needs became more difficult to solve. From there to having one or more computers, smartphones, tablets and other amazing electronic devices in our own home, there was only one step.
To try to know how the history of computing developed, we have to understand that it all started with Humanity’s need to safely manipulate and remember information in a symbolic way.
While we can assure you that computing was born in the mid-1940s, the truth is that to be a little more rigorous, we must mention that computing has at least four stages of development. what is digital technology Technology
First act History of Computer Technology
The first of the acts in this kind of historical play occurs in the ancient world, when the sages of that time began to perform calculations with the help of common objects in their environment such as stones. At this point it should be noted that the word “calculus” has its origin in the Latin term “Calculi”, that is to say “little stone”.
From there it evolved until it reached the abaci and calculation boards, elements that can still be used without problems to make calculations of all kinds. what is digital technology examples
Second act History of Computer Technology
The second act of the play is perhaps the most important of all. Since it should be considered as the point where computing really began its journey: The creation of ENIAC , a device in the military field capable of tracing the direction of a projectile without having to carry out the pertinent field tests.
ENIAC, acronym for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, whose translation into Spanish is “Electronic numerical calculator and integrator”, was released to the public in February 1946 and had approximately 18,000 valves in its electronics. what is digital technology examples
At this point there are certain discrepancies, since there are certain researchers who maintain that before ENIAC, the English already had in service “Colossus”, of which several units were manufactured during World War II in order to help decipher the German codes .
In this sense, it should be noted that there was also a predecessor to both machines, although it never came into operation. This was a device capable of performing calculations at high speeds by means of vacuum valves, developed by John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry at Iowa University in 1942. what is digital technology Technology
The third act of this work takes place at the end of the 1970s, precisely in 1977, when Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak presented the Apple II to the world. Why should we regard this as a turning point in this story?
Although first on the list is the Altair 8800, by being launched first to the market, it was really impractical to use, which made it a device for people “in the know”, but it managed to give the initial push to the computing world to spread rapidly.
What really changed history is the Apple II, which, like the later IBM PC, managed to displace computing from the halls of universities and large companies to the living rooms of homes around the globe, and could be used by anyone. type of user regardless of their knowledge or ability. what is history of computer
The fourth, and for now the last act in the history of computing, could be considered as the emergence of the Internet as a method of communication. The Internet was born within the United States Department of Defense and the Pentagon’s Advance Research Projects Agency , ARPA.
From the tests and protocols ordered by these agencies, as far back as 1960, the Internet was born . From that incipient communication between two nodes in 1969, the network of networks that we all know today extends.
Just as personal computers became popular for everyone in the 1980s, leaving large computers and mainframes relegated to everything related to managing large volumes of data, since they could not compete with the price of PCs and their applications. and ease of use, the ability to communicate two computers and allow information to be shared between them regardless of distance would also become routine after just a few years.