Types of open source software with examples

Open source software means any program whose source code is available for use or modification as deemed appropriate by users or other developers. Open source software is usually developed as a public collaboration and is freely available.

Some popular open source programs include:

Open source office software

  • Abiword – word processing tool
  • Open Office.org – business productivity suite
  • Libre Office – business productivity suite
  • CiviCRM – Customer Relationship Management
  • SugarCRM – Customer Relationship Management
  • vTiger – customer relationship management
  • MySQL – database
  • Login – database

Open source accounting software

  • GNU cash – personal accounting and personal finance software for small businesses
  • SQL Ledger – web-based enterprise resource planning system
  • Front End Accounting – accounting and enterprise resource planning software
  • PostBooks – accounting and business management system
  • Compiere – accounting, CRM and ERP

Open source operating systems

  • GNU/Linux (various versions or distributions include Debian, Fedora, Gentoo, Ubuntu, and Red Hat) – operating system
  • OpenSolaris – operating system
  • FreeBSD – operating system
  • Android – mobile phone platform

Open source website software

  • WordPress – blog hosting platform
  • Alfresco – Enterprise Content Management System
  • Joomla – Enterprise Content Management System
  • Drupal – Enterprise Content Management System
  • Magento – eCommerce web platform
  • PrestaShop – e-commerce web platform
  • Apache – web server software
  • NginX – web server software
  • PHP – web application scripting engine

Open source browsers and communication applications.

  • juice – podcasting
  • Mozilla Firefox – web browser
  • Mozilla Thunderbird – email client
  • Pidgin – instant messaging
  • Zimbra – email and collaboration server
  • FileZilla – FTP client
  • MediaWiki – information sharing platform

Open source computer security

  • Smoothwall – firewall and security tools
  • Wireshark (aka Ethereal) – security app
  • KeePass – password management
  • Clam AV – antivirus software

Open Source Imaging and Multimedia Tools

  • GIMP – image processing / graphics editing
  • VLC – play media files
  • Ogg – open video and audio codecs
  • Blender – Animation and video editor

Open source development tools

  • Ruby on Rails – rapid web application development
  • Eclipse – integrated development environment

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