Papillon Dog

We elaborate about Papillon dog breed with papillon dog breed temperament, training, appearance, weight, life spam and much more information about this breed.

Papillon Dog Other Names:

Butterfly Dog, Pap.

Papillon Dog Weight

4 to 9 pounds

Papillon Dog Size
stand: 8 to 11 inches at the shoulder 

Papillon Dog Average life span

9 – 15 years.

Papillon Dog Breed Appearance

The Papillon is recognized for the elegant fringes on the ears that are set obliquely on the head. Their ears are said to resemble the wings of a butterfly, hence the French name Papillon, which in this language means butterfly. There is another variety of Papillion known as Phalene (moth), which has floppy ears. Both types can appear in the same litter, but the Papillon variety is much more common.

Papillon Dog Temperament

The Papillon is a robust, cheerful, playful, faithful and protective animal. It is an excellent companion for the family and, although it is not aggressive, it protects the family and the home. Many owners say they act like large dogs enclosed in small bodies. They thrive on human attention and delight in pleasing their owners. They are not suitable for families with young children as they are fragile and can be seriously injured by playful children (any child, even with the best of intentions, could easily fall on top of this little dog). They are good with other animals but can challenge larger dogs. As with all Toy breeds, the Papillon is fragile and delicate, it can easily suffer serious injuries that can even lead to death. Thus,

Papillon Dog Training

As with most Toy breeds they are very difficult to house train.

Papillon Dog Cleanliness

To keep their coat tangle-free they require regular brushing and combing as well as an occasional trim.

Papillon Dog Exercise

The requirements are minimal, it is enough for him to run and play around the house and garden. Short walks would also be appreciated by this happy little dog.

Health. Patellar Luxation

Slipping in the knee joints (also known as a dislocated patella or spilled fluid) is a common problem in small breeds. In this condition, the kneecap slides out of its groove and moves against the thigh bone (femur) rather than in its natural groove. Although it is a hereditary condition, small and active breeds tend to develop it as a result of their natural activities (jumping from one place to another around objects such as furniture and others).

Legg Perthes disease

(commonly confused with hip dysplasia) is due to death of the head of the femur bone. This causes wear and tear and promotes arthritic changes, therefore, after the disease has progressed, it is difficult for a time to diagnose whether the resulting degenerated joint is a manifestation of hip dysplasia or LeggPerthes. This condition is congenital and has no known cure. The pain that accompanies arthritic changes can be controlled with steroids.


(low blood sugar). This problem can occur at any age, although a small part of young puppies have a greater potential for the development of hypoglycemia. Symptoms: Lethargy, lack of coordination (stumbling, falling, staggering), followed by coma and death if left untreated.

Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)

It is a group of diseases that involve all the gradual deterioration of the retina. It is diagnosed by retinoscopic examination using an electroretinogram (ERG). Early in the disease, affected dogs begin to suffer from night blindness and lack the ability to see in low light and later day vision also fails. As their vision deteriorates, affected dogs can adjust to their disability very well, as long as their environment remains constant. Some breeds are affected early in life, while in other breeds, PRA develops much later.

papillon dog breedHistory

The Papillon is a very old breed dating back to the 14th century in Europe, where they are known as the Continental Toy Spaniel. Originally from France, the breed was then called the Epagneul Nain or Dwarf Spaniel which also exhibited its large drooping ears.

There is evidence that these little dogs were the favorites of European aristocrats, especially the Free French. The court of Louis XIV of France had a lot of sympathy for the Papillons and they imported many of them. Recognizable in Italian murals from the 13th to 15th century, the tiny breed appeared in many paintings from the Renaissance period. Much of the history of the Papillon is captured by its representation in painting.

Although ancient dogs had crooked ears, an unknown event caused some to have pricked ears. These upright ears are said to resemble butterfly wings, hence the name Papillon which in French means butterfly, although animals with both types of ears often appear in the same litter. Dogs with lop ears are known as Phalene, which is French for moth. Although the breed is known for its resemblance to a butterfly, it has also been compared to a squirrel due to the way it carries its tail.

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