We express the pet bird health and diseases signs. Careful handling and feeding of birds ensure that the probability of contracting Avian Flu is kept to a minimum, but there will be times when it is unavoidable. The disease in healthy birds is fairly simple to recognize and treat, but there are many in which the symptoms are complicated and confused, so if in doubt, consult your local veterinarian.
At the first sign of the disease, birds should be isolated from their mates. Signs of the disease can make the bird feel puffy feathers and generally look moody, have very loose droppings, and often watery or half-closed eyes.
The best available treatment for a sick bird is the timely supply of heat. Hospital cages can be effective in this treatment. Most birds have a body temperature of 40 ° C (104 ° F). As soon as a bird becomes ill its body temperature drops dramatically and this should be avoided at all costs.
The hospital cage should be set at 24 ° C (76 ° F). Normally a mild antibiotic also helps, but caution should be used with any medication as an overdose can be fatal. Proper supplies and delicacies placed in the hospital cage can encourage the sick bird to eat. You should be given plenty of boiled drinking water.
Gradually lower the temperature when the bird shows signs of recovery. The light in the hospital cage must be on 24 hours a day so that the bird feeds whenever it wants. Once you eat again it will be a sure sign that you are recovering, but you should not join the aviary until it is in its normal state.
When using the hospital cage make sure the perches are close to the ground or remove them entirely if the sick bird is not strong enough to perch on until it can. The birds‘ ability to roost again is another sign of improvement.
Pet Bird Health And Diseases Signs
Abscesses: Parrots are species that often have abscesses in the beak area which can be mistaken for tumors. They should only be removed by a veterinarian and an antibiotic applied to avoid reinjection. They are caused by bacterial agents.
Aspergillosis: This condition results from poor hygiene and affects birds by inhaling air particles from a fungus called Aspergillums fumigates. It occurs mainly in the largest classes of parrots but can affect small parakeets, although it is not usually common in the latter. Difficulty breathing may be accompanied by discharge from the nasal passages. Some fanciers add potassium and toothier iodine (21/2 grains for 4 tablespoons of water) to the birds‘ drinking water as a preventive measure.
Asthma: Symptoms are: heavy, gasping breathing, shortness of breath, may develop after a cold. Other causes of asthma include infection of the air sacs, of the lungs, the appearance of Aspergillus (see above), inhalation of pollen or toxic vapors. This condition can take several months to eradicate it. A bird with asthma usually has an open beak and ruffled feathers. The nostrils are often clogged, and treatment should be with decongestant cold medications and the administration of a medium-strength inhalant daily. These remedies can be purchased for birds at pet stores or supplied by a veterinarian. Electric vaporizers can be used to facilitate the application of the inhalant.
Bacterial infection : The symptoms are diarrhea, loss of appetite, and body weight. The way to prevent it is by maintaining good hygiene and cleaning the aviary thoroughly with regular disinfectant. A new bird should be kept in isolation for a period of 30 days before being placed in the aviary to ensure that it is not a carrier of any virus.
Bleeding: In the case of bleeding, it must be stopped quickly by using a blood coagulant such as hydrogen peroxide applied with a damp cotton ball.
Broken bones: A broken wing can be the result of a scare the bird receives or by flying in the dark. A broken leg may be because it got tangled in the aviary’s net. Most birds recover quite easily on their own without the need for treatment, however, broken wings sometimes end up with permanent deformations that can affect the ability to fly. The bird should be placed in a hospital cage with the perch close to the ground. Forced leisure will prevent you from using the affected part and it will heal much faster. Slings and splints are not always effective, but if desired, a splint made from lollipop stick rafters or feather guides can help.
Bumblefoot : In finches it can be a very severe condition, especially in old age. The legs become inflamed and lumpy. Since the treatment consists of making small incisions in them and gently squeezing the contents, it must be done with extreme care and apply a blood coagulant. It is recommended that a veterinarian do it as it is very painful for the bird and could go into shock or have heart failure if the procedure is not done correctly.
Cancer: Cancer in birds manifests itself with the onset of depression and can be visible or internal. While some external types can be re-moved, others are not treatable and in these cases it may be more humane to put the bird to sleep without pain.
Cataracts: The extent to which they form through the eye may be from poor nutrition over a long period of time. Little can be done in a situation like this.
Coccidiosis : It is a rare disease caused by a microscopic organism called Coccidia. It affects the intestines of birds. The animal becomes weak and emaciated and may have bloody diarrhea. Sulfur medications can be added to drinking water but is difficult to cure and spreads quickly. It should not appear if you have good hygiene, taking particular caution in hot climates.
Colds: Isolates the bird at the first sign of a cold. The temperature should be set at 25 ° C (80 ° F). A bird with a cold has its feathers swollen in a stooped position. The eyes may water and appear to be half closed. If the cold is severe it will open and close the beak frequently and is usually accompanied by a lack of appetite. A mild cold remedy can be obtained from a pet store and an inhalant will also help. A few vitamins and a little honey can be added to drinking water.
Conjunctivitis: It is a painful inflammation in the eyes caused by a virus, fungus, bacteria or some other irritant. An affected bird will rub its eyes against perches, will blink a lot, and may have watery or yellowish discharge from the eyes. Timely treatment by a veterinarian with an antibiotic should help.
Constipation: The bird goes through work to excrete, and the droppings can be small, dry, and hard; It helps to add vitamin B to drinking water. Two tablespoons of molasses mixed in one liter of distilled water may also help.
Choking : The neck may be blocked by food or as a result of a digestive disorder. A bump appears on the lower neck that looks like the bird is going to vomit. Surgery is generally necessary.
Cysts : Yellow cysts on the skin or non-malignant growths, often on the wings, are very common in parakeets. They can be easily removed by a veterinarian.
Death within the egg : Many factors may be responsible for the bird chicks that are still inside the eggs being dead. One or both parents may be immature or too old; It can be caused by a genetic factor or a deficiency in the diet of certain vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B. Toxic substances such as DDT may be responsible if they are ingested by parents at any time, too thick eggshell or chicken glued to the inner membrane. There may be a failure in the parents to hatch the egg correctly or due to lack of moisture. The main thing is to try to discover the cause.
Diarrhea: This condition is usually a symptom of another disease and it is rarely due to a diet problem, with this condition you can take two tablets of anti diarrheal and administer it to the water of the birds so that they drink it. If you do not notice improvement in a few days, consult the vet.
Egg attached:Bonded eggs are a very frequent problem in young women and sometimes in mature ones. At the moment of laying the egg they are seen to make an effort as if they were constipated. They are unable to expel the egg and once their strength is exhausted death can quickly follow. The exit duct swells and you can gently touch the egg with your index finger without applying pressure. Taking a gentle bath with warm water around the anus and a little heat may help. This condition can be prevented by a diet that contains a mixture of cod liver oil with seeds that cause hard waste in your birds. Cold weather can also cause this problem, so young birds should not be allowed to reproduce in this type of weather. The condition associated with soft shell eggs can also be prevented by providing plenty of bones and sepia grits in the daily diet. Improper diet, lack of calcium, and exercise often lead to these two conditions in some mature chickens. Always provide a mineral supplement to breeding birds.
Egg bag rupture : occurs when the female expels not only the egg, but the membrane of the egg sac or oviduct. This should be gently forced through the opening backwards, in case the procedure takes some time the membrane must remain moistened with a saline solution to prevent infection of the delicate tissues.
Enteritis:The symptoms are inflammation of the small intestine normally accompanied by diarrhea. The droppings are watery and often green. It can be caused by prolonged ingestion of bird seed to drink heavily, inadequate ventilation, or other poor breeding practices. Infectious Enteritis is very dangerous and can destroy the entire aviary if the affected bird is not immediately isolated. Crowded and dirty conditions are the most common cause. The acquisition of new offspring that have not been properly acclimatized can bring this disease, so you should never add a new bird to your aviary without having it isolated for 30 days. If you have enteritis, it can usually be seen. Put the bird in the hospital cage and give it a medicine containing sulfa. The hospital cage should be disinfected after each use.
Mites: Mites may be present when a bird’s wings and tail appear to have been chewed on. A mild spray insecticide designed specifically for birds should eradicate mites.
Plucked feathers: Plucked feathers are caused by other birds, although there are some that suffer from boredom or the desire to have a mate and often pluck them themselves. Some birds feel deficiencies in their diet that can lead them to do so. Sometimes a dominant bird plucks the feathers of a weaker bird and can attack it to kill it. These dominant birds should move away and be placed with older birds.
Seizures: Seizures are often caused by improper diet and lack of exercise. Another cause may be overexposure to the sun in non-tropical bird species.
Molting Plumage: If young birds, particularly parakeets, show an abnormal plumage that persists even when they are mature, you may be witnessing this condition known as a French molt. This is characterized in that the wing and tail feathers continually change. The causes are said to be due to improper nutrition during reproduction and perhaps due to a hereditary factor. It is better not to reproduce these birds.
Weight loss : The term is applied to a sickly looking bird that loses weight quickly. It is a symptom that can indicate that there are other diseases. In extreme cases you may have tuberculosis. Loss of appetite causes rapid weight loss. Death can ensue, so birds exhibiting this trend should be isolated in a hospital cage and encouraged to start eating as soon as possible. In some cases nothing helps and the bird dies. It is advisable to obtain an autopsy in case another bird shows an equal condition.
Goiter: Goiter is evident as a swelling in the neck. Only parakeets and chickens generally suffer from this affliction. The malfunction of the thyroid gland is the cause and can be acquired only through reproduction. Treatment with iodine blocks is the usual remedy. An affected hen should not reproduce.
Gout: The legs, wings and neck are affected by a deposit of a white and hard substance around the joints. This occurs rarely and especially in parakeets and parrots, usually after a kidney infection. Massage under anesthesia is the normal treatment.
Heart disease: Heart attacks are usually fatal and occur mainly in older birds or in birds that have a sudden impact or fear. Mild cases of heart disease can sometimes be treated with medication.
Botulism: It is a deadly poison that causes death, a condition known as “flexible neck”, is a form of paralysis that originates in the neck of the bird and gradually affects the entire body. It is generally caused by a microorganism found in dirty water and rotting food that attracts flies. There is no cure.
Animal mange : Parakeets and large parakeets are sometimes affected by these mites. They affect the beak and you have to be careful because it can spread to the other areas of the face.
Change: Birds molt feathers twice a year, spring and fall, each molt typically lasting about six weeks. The birds look very scruffy during this phase. You should keep a careful watch on any bird that appears to have a different condition for you to isolate and provide heat. You can give finches a dietary supplement for mints if the molt is not normal or occurs out of season. To other birds with soft feathers you should give liquid vitamins and minerals, the best supplements come in powder form that you can easily sprinkle on their feeders. Any molt that occurs outside of spring or fall, known as the “soft molt,” may be the result of too much sun reaching a bird through glass or because it is intimidated by another bird.
Nephritis : This disease is common in all types of birds. The bird becomes listless, its feathers are disheveled and it drinks a lot of water. Droppings are white in color.
Ornithosis (psittacosis): This was a very terrible and fatal disease if it was contracted by humans. Fortunately, it is no longer fatal, although it still causes very unpleasant pneumonia-like symptoms and can cause one to become seriously ill. It is a viral disease that causes lethargy, green diarrhea, breathing difficulties, and discharge from the eyes and nose. It is treatable if caught early. Recovery is slow. It is generally found only in freshly imported birds from risk regions.
Overgrowth of beak or nails: Some species tend to have overgrown nails and can catch on the aviary net. It is very easy to cut the nails with nail clippers, being very careful not to cut a vein. If you inadvertently cut a vein, stop the bleeding with hydrogen peroxide. When the beak is too large it can also be trimmed.
Pneumonia: An untreated cold can easily turn into pneumonia. Keep the affected bird warm. A quick treatment with aureomycin or sulfa is the most effective remedy.
Red Mites: Red mites are most prevalent during hot summer weather. They live in corners and crevices during the day and emerge at night to feed on the blood of birds. They can make the bird anemic and even kill it. Pyrethrumes is the safest standard spray to kill this pest, slower indeed than some other brands but very safe for birds. It does not contaminate food or water. South American Softballs, when newly imported, often carry some lice and mites with them so you must spray them before putting them in the aviary.
Regurgitation: Most birds regurgitate to feed their mates or young. Sometimes they do it to feed their favorite friend in affection. Regurgitations for other reasons can indicate diseases such as food retention, sour food, simple indigestion or sometimes a cold when what you expel is also accompanied by nasal secretions.
Rheumatism: It is a painful inflammation of the joints that often occurs in adult birds. Very little can be done to alleviate it, although sometimes massage can help.
Rickets: This can affect many birds, but especially young parakeets. An incorrect diet, deficient in vitamins can cause the bird to have short and malformed legs with inflammation in the joints. Weak little birds are unable to fly. Bone meal and vitamin D3 must be added to the feed to prevent and treat this disease.
Salmonellosis : It is caused by the Salmonella bacteria. It is often fatal to birds and can be transmitted to humans. Symptoms include lethargy, diarrhea, dysentery, and excessive thirst. Seizures normally occur followed by sudden death. In case of suspicion, bird droppings should be analyzed. Early treatment with the correct antibiotics issued by a vet should usually cure you. The places where the birds are kept must be completely disinfected.
Scaly face and legs: This condition is caused by a small mite. Yellowish-white crusts form on the beak, around the eyes, and sometimes on the legs and around the anus. You should treat this condition with a 10% solution of benzyl benzoate applying it with cotton every day when the bird wakes up. You should treat it immediately since the most severe cases can deform the beak.
Shock: It can be caused by a number of factors. Ill-treatment is the most frequent cause. Night scares can also cause shock and lead to a heart attack.
Nasal cavity disorder : These unusual problems usually appear after a cold. The bird has blocked nostrils and watery eyes. A badly affected nasal cavity often creates a large lump with hard mucous substance. You must make a cut in the node by pricking it with a sterile needle. A postilla will form and then you can easily remove it with a gentle massage. Gently remove all the hard mucus outside with a damp cotton swab or cotton swab to prevent recurrence of this condition.
Eggs in soft shells : This is often caused by a calcium deficiency and seems to occur more frequently in parakeets. Many breeders administer calcium boroglucanate directly or in drinking water to prevent this disease.
Leg pain: Birds sometimes feel leg pain because the seed husks and droppings get stuck to them. The irritation can cause small sores. You should put the legs in hot water mixed with a mild disinfectant and wash off any lumps well. Dry them lightly and apply a little petroleum jelly. The bird should be treated as many times as necessary until the sores are removed.
Sour culture: Sour culture is caused by digestive disorders and can lead to a strong and unpleasant odor. One teaspoon of baking soda should be mixed in one liter of water and given to the bird for two days.
Inflammation of the sebaceous gland: The sebaceous gland forms at the base of the tail as a result of visits to the ground to groom and groom themselves that birds usually do. Sometimes oil and dirt clog the gland, causing swelling and pain. A toothpick, phosphor or a damp cotton pad should be used to remove the substance by applying very gentle pressure.
Parasites: Sometimes they affect parrots more than other bird species. Cleaning is the best method of prevention. The vet may prescribe an antiparasitic product.