Dog Breeds

Saint Bernard Dog Breed

We elaborate the Saint Bernard puppy breed with Saint Bernard temperament, training, appearance, weight, life spam and much more information about this breed.

Other names: Alpine Mastiff, Saint Bernhardshund

Saint Bernard Puppy Appearance

The Saint Bernard is one of the instantly recognizable dog breeds, this gentle giant has a strong muscular body with a large lop-eared head.

Saint Bernard Weight

110 – 200 lbs.

Saint Bernard Height

70 – 90 cm

Average life span

8 – 10 years.

St. Bernard Temperament

Saint Bernards are gentle giants, loyal, protective, and brave. They are in good spirits, reliable, sensitive, kind, and patient. This is a breed that loves family life and delights in the company of children. They can become depressed if left alone. They can make excellent watchdogs and good family dogs.


• They do not bark much, however, drooling is a problem in this breed. It usually comes after and during exercise, meals, or excitement.

• It requires a lot of space and would not be suitable for a small house.

• The Saint Bernard is a large dog and needs a large amount of food. Therefore, feeding can become quite expensive.

Saint Bernard Puppy Training

The Saint Bernard is very intelligent and easy to train. He has to receive obedience training as a puppy due to his enormous size as an adult. They must be trained not to pull on the leash when they are young.


The smooth-coated Saint Bernard is much easier to groom than the rough-coated one. Both varieties lose a lot of hair, so they need to be brushed 2-3 times a week.


Exercise when they are puppies should be done little by little until the bones are well formed and strong, short walks are the best option until the dog is about two years old. Thereafter, walks should be done gradually to meet your moderate exercise level. As adults they need more exercise to keep fit, but not in hot or humid weather, for fear of overheating.

Health. Gastric torsion

Although it is not a hereditary condition, it frequently affects many dogs, including this breed. This is a very serious condition. When a dog has it, the stomach can twist and become blocked, causing a build-up of gas. If not treated quickly it can be fatal. With this disease there are also futile attempts to vomit and salivate. It can also lead to cardiovascular collapse, which usually occurs when you exercise after eating. The incidence of Gastric Torsion in adult dogs can be controlled with healthy eating twice a day and, of course, by allowing time to digest before taking him for a run in the park.

Hip Malformation or Dysplasia

Results in a poor fit between the head of the femur bone and the hip socket. This condition can be alleviated by surgery, although with consequences for dogs and owners since dogs with dysplasia usually produce puppies with the same condition. Buyers should ask if both the sire and dam of the puppy they are interested in have been recently tested and are free of hip dysplasia. Don’t take yes for an answer without seeing a certificate and ask for a copy to take to your vet.

Von Willebrand disease (VWD)

is an inherited (non-sex-linked) autosomal bleeding disorder characterized by prolonged bleeding times (somewhat similar to hemophilia in humans) and a mild to severe factor IX deficiency. The DNA test for Von Willebrand disease is now available. Reproduction between carriers can produce offspring that, in theory, will be 25% healthy, 50% carriers, and 25% sick. Ideally, the reproductions are in healthy pairs or of healthy and carrier where the disease would not affect any of the puppies. Not all dogs affected with VWD will have serious bleeding problems, but they are at risk every time they need to undergo surgery or have an accident. Only some unlucky dogs affected by the disease will seriously bleed from a minor puncture or injury.


It is a seizure disorder that can appear in this breed. The seizures range from a distant gaze or contractions in one part of the face to the pet falling on its side, barking, grinding its teeth, urinating, defecating and moving its limbs. Seizures usually come on suddenly and end in the same way, and can last from seconds to minutes. The disorder has no known cause, however a veterinarian’s examination is important to determine the general health of the pet and to ensure that there is no underlying disease that may be causing the seizures. Treatment may include anti-seizure medications. Always seek the advice of a veterinarian.


It is a problem in the eyelid that makes it turn inward. Eyelashes appear on the edge of the eyelid which irritates the surface of the eyeball and can lead to more serious problems.

saint bernard puppyHistory

The Saint Bernard is a descendant of the Roman Molossus, the typical Mastiff originally from the Swiss Alps. The first Saint Bernard was bred by the monks of the Hospice of Saint Bernard of Menthon around 1660. The hospice was snow-free only in a few months during the hottest part of the summer, making it very dangerous for travelers on the way. to or beyond the hospice. These caring giants are known worldwide for their long history of rescuing travelers and climbers in the Swiss Alps. During the three centuries that the dogs served as rescue workers at the hospice, it is estimated that they saved more than 2,000 lives. The most famous in the history of the Saint Bernard, Barry, born in 1800, saved forty people in a period of ten years.

In 1830 Newfoundland blood was introduced in an attempt to give the breed larger size and vitality. This resulted in the long-haired variety, up to that point all Bernard were short-haired. The long-haired variety is now more common. Called at different times in history as the Mountain Dog, the Alpine Mastiff, and the Barry Dog, this breed was officially recognized as the Saint Bernard in 1880.

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