Science Examples

We explain that what are some examples of science? A science is an ordered set of knowledge , acquired in a systematic way through experimentation, observation and verification. This knowledge is therefore true and has been compiled to constitute a great compendium that is being enriched from generation to generation. New knowledge is achieved through the investigation of natural phenomena and laws, through the so-called scientific method .

The scientific method is the set of procedures and techniques that consist of testing and observing processes that occur in the world, formulating hypotheses to predict what will happen in them and the verification that will produce a natural and definitive consequence of said processes. The data obtained from the scientific method is gathered to calculate its trend and thus its consistency can be recognized with certainty.

The scientific method structures a way of working at the time of pursuing responses to events that happen in reality. This process is accompanied by reasoning and hypotheses , which are a way of expecting results and of interpreting them upon reaching them. When the phenomena that are repeated and remain constant are recognized, it is possible to establish the laws or principles, which constitute the basis for the formation of new knowledge.

Science works that way. Laws or principles have objectivity above all else , and do not depend on a person’s judgment to be true. Therefore, they are the origin of the information that is being collected and that is finally valid to, from it, obtain much more and explain the world in detail.

Types of science

The sciences are classified into three large groups according to their focus:

  • Formal sciences
  • Natural Sciences
  • Social Sciences

Formal sciences

A formal science is a set of rational and coherent systems and knowledge, the purpose of which is not the study of natural reality, the physical world and its phenomena; but that of ideal and abstract objects like mathematics and logic.

Natural Sciences

A natural science is responsible for studying nature and its phenomena using the scientific method. This is the case of the physical and biological sciences, which in turn are divided into more particular sciences such as physics, astronomy, geology, chemistry and biology, which are also divided into other sub-sciences such as botany, zoology and bacteriology that comprise part of biology.

Social Sciences

A social science focuses on humanity, no longer in a biological aspect, but in social and anthropological aspects, which determine its behavior and development in society. This is the case of sciences such as history, anthropology, sociology, law and economics, which in turn are subdivided.

Science Examples

Examples of formal science

  1. Formal logic
  2. Material logic
  3. Mathematical logic
  4. Statistics
  5. Logical empiricism
  6. Aristotelian logic
  7. Baconian logic
  8. Boolean logic
  9. First order logic
  10. Second order logic
  11. Descriptive logic
  12. Formal logic
  13. Informal logic
  14. Intuitionist logic
  15. Mathematical logic
  16. Modal logic
  17. Non-monotonic logic
  18. Multipurpose logic
  19. Predicative logic
  20. Propositional logic
  21. Temporal logic
  22. Transcendental logic
  23. Algebra
  24. Mathematical analysis
  25. Numerical analysis
  26. Arithmetic
  27. Computer’s science
  28. Cryptography
  29. Fluid dynamics
  30. Statistics
  31. Statistic and probability
  32. Mathematical Physics
  33. Geometry
  34. Analytic geometry
  35. Spherical geometry
  36. Financial mathematics
  37. Mathematical chemistry
  38. Games theory

Examples from natural sciences

  1. Astrophysics
  2. Astronomy
  3. Observational astronomy
  4. Theoretical astronomy
  5. Celestial mechanics
  6. Physical
  7. Atomic and nuclear physics
  8. Classical physics
  9. Quantum physics
  10. Theoretical physics
  11. Biochemistry
  12. Crystallography
  13. Speleology
  14. Speleology
  15. Stratigraphy
  16. Physical chemistry
  17. Gemology
  18. Geophysics
  19. Geography
  20. Physical geography
  21. Petroleum geology
  22. Economic geology
  23. Structural geology
  24. Historical geology
  25. Planetary geology
  26. Regional geology
  27. Geomorphology
  28. Geochemistry
  29. Hydrogeology
  30. Mineralogy
  31. Mineralogy
  32. Paleontology
  33. Petrology
  34. Chemistry
  35. Inorganic chemistry
  36. Sedimentology
  37. Seismology
  38. Tectonics
  39. Volcanology
  40. Volcanology
  41. Anatomy
  42. Anthropology
  43. Biophysics
  44. Abysmal biology
  45. Marine biology
  46. Mathematical biology
  47. Biomedicine
  48. Biotegnology
  49. Botany
  50. Botany
  51. Botanicopalentology
  52. Cytogenetics
  53. Cytology
  54. Cytopathology
  55. Cytochemistry
  56. Ecology
  57. Embryology
  58. Entomology
  59. Epistemology
  60. Ethology
  61. Evolution
  62. Phylogeny
  63. Physiology
  64. Genetics
  65. Molecular Genetic
  66. Histology
  67. Paleontology
  68. Paleontology
  69. Zoology

Social Science Examples

  1. Anthropology
  2. Archeology
  3. Demography
  4. Right
  5. Human ecology
  6. Economy
  7. Education
  8. Ethnography
  9. Ethnology
  10. Story
  11. Story
  12. Linguistics
  13. Political science
  14. Psychology
  15. Sociology

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