When looking at a vehicle, we think about design, performance or safety. What very few take into account is that, if today we can drive those magnificent cars, travel by bus or transport goods in trucks, it is thanks, in large part, to chemistry. Without it, without its advances and discoveries applied to the automotive sector, things would be very different. Chemistry in Cars
The chemistry has made possible the development of new materials, products and substances essential in any modern vehicle. In fact, the automotive sector has been growing hand in hand, and continues to do so, because research continues.
Chemistry in any element
There are many parts and elements of an automobile that could never have been designed or functioned without advances in chemistry . We are talking about the bodywork and the interior, where plastics and polymers are increasingly present, but we are also talking about comfort and driving safety.
The examples in which the role of chemistry in the automotive sector can be verified are almost innumerable. Plastics, rubber and polyurethane are an essential part of exterior and interior elements of the vehicle: grilles, dashboard, controls, seats, etc. They are materials that, in addition, have contributed to lightening the vehicles and improving the soundproofing inside.
But thanks to chemistry he has also gained security. Without its magic, the airbag would not save thousands of lives a year . This device inflates precisely thanks to a chemical reaction in which nitrogen plays a leading role. And not only this safety element, but also the belt pretensioners, those that make them stay anchored when braking, work in a similar way.
Let us now turn to those elements in which the role of chemistry in the automotive sector is best known. We are talking about coolant and brake fluid, motor oil, suspension, gas that allows us to air-condition the cabin, etc. In each and every one of them, chemistry is fundamental. As it is in more recent advances, such as xenon lamps or the headlights themselves, made of polycarbonate.
The list would be much longer. Thanks to research and discoveries related to chemistry , the paints that protect our vehicles have been improved or safer and more resistant tires have been achieved. And there have also been great advances in the automotive sector related to the environment, such as the development of catalysts.
The future passes through chemistry Chemistry in Cars
Precisely, everything related to the emission of polluting gases and their reduction is one of the great challenges for the automotive sector. In this sense, research in chemistry has a lot to say. They have it in the development and application of new fuels that are less harmful to the atmosphere .
In this sense, mention should be made of liquefied petroleum gas or LPG , a fuel that more and more vehicle models are incorporating. But it is also worth highlighting hydrogen and the so-called “fuel cell”, or the additives that are added to the liquid components of the different vehicle systems and to fuels to reduce their harmful effect on the environment.
In short, without chemistry, the automotive sector would not have advanced to the point where it is today . Nor could it continue to move towards a greener future. Everywhere you look, chemistry is hidden in each piece, in each element and each equipment of the vehicles that are such an indispensable part of our lives.