Types of Computer Programming

Currently there are several ways of approaching software programming, which in turn will depend on the language or technique used. These are called types of programming, and we have several at our disposal, which we can use according to the project we are working on. Although in almost all cases the most used technique is that of modular or structured programming, there are some more types, which we will talk about below. Types of Computer Programming different types of programming languages 3 types of programming language examples of programming language

These types of programming are:

  • Structured programming
  • Modular programming
  • Linear programming
  • Object-oriented programming
  • Concurrent programming
  • Functional programming
  • Logic programming

INTERESTING: High and Low Level Languages

Structured programming Types of Computer Programming

The structured programming is basically a set of techniques that allow you without a doubt to the programmer to have a workflow much faster and effective. In structured programming, the software developed is easier to understand, it is not necessary for the testing to be so complex. Also, the code of the programs is much better organized and documented. different types of programming languages examples of programming language

These techniques greatly improve the final performance of the product since it is not necessary so much debugging and maintenance time. Part of these techniques involves using fewer control structures, reducing many of the software errors that would otherwise occur. different types of programming languages examples of programming language

Other techniques used in structured programming are

  • Top-dow design
  • Abstract resources
  • The basic structures, of which there are three types: Sequential structures, Selective structures and Repetitive structures different types of programming languages examples of programming language

Modular programming Types of Computer Programming

Another of the known types of programming is the so-called modular programming, which is basically a programming paradigm. To understand what it is to program using modular programming, it is to divide a program into more specific modules or subprograms. This type of programming was developed with the main objective of being able to obtain a much more readable and manipulable code. 3 types of programming language examples of programming language

In this type of programming , the main program is the part in charge of coordinating the calls to the secondary modules. After that, it passes the necessary data in the form of parameters. It should be noted that each module is capable of containing its own data and calling other modules or functions. 3 types of programming language examples of programming language

All this means that when we apply modular programming, any complex program can be subdivided into many parts. In other words, a large program can be divided into smaller parts. This offers multiple advantages when it comes to finding errors or modifying part of the code. 3 types of programming language examples of programming language

Basic operation of modular programming

  • Input: Parameter
  • Process: Subroutine or function
  • Output: Return value

Linear programming Types of Computer Programming

In the field of programming, linear programming is known as a mathematical technique that allows the optimization or minimization of an objective linear function. This is done with the purpose that the variables of the aforementioned function are tied to a certain series of restrictions. These restrictions are expressed through a system of equations or inequalities that are also linear. 3 types of programming language

In linear programming models, it is established that the decision variables such as the objective function and the restrictions correspond to a linear type of behavior. With this, it is possible to facilitate the calculations and get results closer to the real ones. Types of Computer Programming

The most commonly used model to solve linear programming problems is the so-called “Simplex Method”.

Object-oriented programming

The OOP is basically a technique capable of improving in terms of speed and strength software development. This improvement in development is due to the reuse of objects that are already loaded in the program.

As we can elucidate, the main element of OOP is the object, which is basically a set of data and programs. These have structure and are part of a larger organization. These objects are capable of containing various types of data, all of them structured. These can be visible or not visible according to the needs of the programmer and the software.

Some of the main characteristics of object-oriented programming are polymorphism and inheritance.

Concurrent programming

In the field of software development, concurrent programming is a really widely used type of programming. It is used by the developer when he needs to carry out multiple tasks simultaneously. Among the tasks that can be carried out are the ability to control multi-user access to systems and software. Types of Computer Programming

Although it is a much more complicated type of programming, the truth is that if it is carried out correctly, the results obtained are superior. In other words, by implementing this technique, the performance of the software being developed can be significantly improved . This is due to the fact that in concurrent programming, tasks can be developed without having to wait for an execution turn.

However, concurrent programming can also offer certain downsides. An example of this occurs when we have the need to share information between tasks, but as we mentioned, well implemented can be an excellent advantage in many environments. Types of Computer Programming

Functional programming

Like modular programming, functional programming is a programming paradigm , which means that it is a way to solve programming problems. When a developer uses this paradigm, he works mainly with functions, avoiding all kinds of variable data, as well as preventing states from being shared between functions.

In functional programming all functions are treated as first-class “citizens”. These functions can be assigned to variables, which in turn can be used as input and output of many other functions. All those functions that are capable of taking functions as parameters and returning functions as a result, are considered higher order functions.

Basically, the premise is that functional programming is what experts consider a “declarative paradigm.” This is so because the programmer focuses on the “What” he is doing and not on the “How”, which would be considered an “imperative approach”.

All this means that the programmer will express his logic without the need for flow control descriptions, that is, we will not use cycles or conditionals.

Types of Computer Programming
Types of Computer Programming

Logic programming

We could say that logic programming is a type of programming paradigm within the declarative programming paradigm. Currently this type of programming is widely used in the development of artificial intelligence . What is programming with logic programming? It is to use a methodology based on the calculation of predicates, which is a mathematical theory. With this theory it is achieved that a computer can give solutions through the use of rules and logical facts. Types of Computer Programming

In this sense, logic programming has to offer unique programming tools of this paradigm, which allows to develop AI in a more flexible way. In this sense, currently most artificial intelligence applications are developed in this language for that reason. This is fundamentally because logic programming is very different in its way of thinking from the way we think in the most common programming languages. Basically, what logic programming tries to duplicate is human thought, therefore, it is more natural to organize thoughts in this way than with traditional languages. This however requires a higher level of abstraction. Types of Computer Programming

In logic programming , one does not think in low-level structures such as assignments and repetitions, but in terms of premises and conclusions, reaching problem solving through a set of logical axioms. Types of Computer Programming

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