Types of ecological heating

Being able to keep your home or office comfortable and warm during colder times is an activity that requires great energy consumption and, in addition, has great impacts on atmospheric warming due to the waste they produce, in addition to many of them not being renewable . The companies that produce these types of energy for heating insist us on the use of these dirtier and non-renewable energies, but there really are other alternatives to keep our space warm.

Keep your space warm

One of the alternatives for not having to use so much heating in your home, is that it is built in such a way and materials that they use the heat of the environment in a more passive way throughout the year, which is known as bioclimatic architecture . However, this does not happen in most homes, so the most ecological alternative, in those climates with not extreme cold, is to use heating that comes from renewable sources of energy , such as wind or solar .

In those climates with more extreme cold, the use of heaters that use less ecological fuels may be more unavoidable, since they are more efficient, although in this it is necessary to analyze the most economical options.

One of the best options for heating a home is using a heater that uses solar energy , something that is done by installing solar panels and accumulators on the surface of the home (where it captures solar energy). It is possible to heat a single-family home using as little as a 15-square-meter self-contained system of surface panels. These panels will heat the water above 45ºC using solar energy, but to use this heat to heat the house, it is necessary to install radiant walls or floors., piping circuits through which this hot water runs. The walls or the floor can be made of materials that transmit heat well, such as ceramic or concrete. An alternative to the walls or the floor is to use a radiator system and some accumulator.

This type of heating is very ecological, since it does not produce waste and it is also a heating that can easily be spread throughout the house. The installation of these systems will depend on the characteristics of the home or the space to be heated, but it is not much more difficult than that of air conditioning systems.

Biomass or pellet boilers

Pellets are materials that come from pieces of shavings, chips or sawdust left over from sawmills or different industries. Subsequently, they are dried, crushed and pressed to make very compact materials with great calorific power. I mean, they would be comparable to something like concentrated solar power. These pellets are then burned in boilers or stoves, being used as heating for the home . The advantage of using this type of heating compared to regular heating is that apart from being able to heat the entire home quickly, biomass energy emits much less CO2 .

The boilers in which it burns only need a few pipes for the smoke outlet and are controlled by electronic systems. They can be used in conjunction with solar panel systems, which also makes it possible to obtain hot water in the home.

Another very efficient option to heat the home is the use of underfloor heating . Underfloor heating is an electrical system, of hot water pipes or radiant wires that run under the floor, in contact with the surface. The installation of this type of flooring is not easy and you have to make a large investment, but given its efficiency, that investment pays off soon. In addition, it is a type of heating that does not emit waste when used.

It can be combined, in turn, with other efficient heating systems, such as solar energy. It is a very healthy and ecological system and recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). A variant of this system that is based on this same principle is the radiant ceiling .

conclusion

Today, there are options to conventional space heating systems. These options are much more ecological because they emit less toxic waste for the environment or even none. In addition, in some cases, ecological heating systems are also more efficient, because although at first they require large investments in installation, in the medium-long term, we will be saving on the bill and helping to take care of the environment in an easy way .

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