One of the most inhospitable areas for humans on our planet are undoubtedly the poles, both the North and the South. They are a part of the world where humans can hardly live well. However, there are other living beings that have adapted perfectly to these cold environments with very little vegetation. But what animals have managed to live in such extreme conditions?
What is the difference between the North Pole and the South Pole
Although there is some aspect that may seem obvious, the differences between the North Pole and the South Pole are diverse :
- The North Pole is the one that is in the northernmost axis of the planet and the South Pole the one that is in the southernmost part.
- The North Pole is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean and the South Pole by the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Antarctic continent or Antarctica contains the South Pole.
- Both are very cold and have a lot of ice, but the South Pole is colder than the North Pole, and can reach -25 ºC in summer, that is, in warmer times.
- This earlier makes life at the South Pole more complicated than at the North.
- The South Pole contains large mountains of ice and there is land, but the North Pole is a gigantic floating ice sheet with no land mass.
- The South is almost deserted, while in the North there is more life.
- Penguins only live in the South and polar bears only in the North.
To begin, we show this list of the animals that live in the North Pole , with their common and scientific names, and some photos. As we have indicated before, it is the pole that contains the most life, although there is not as much biodiversity as there may be in temperate forests or jungles.
- Oso polar
- Ballena jorobada
- Arctic fox or polar fox
- Arctic wolf
- Arctic hare
- Snowy Owl
- Musk Ox
- Arctic lion’s mane jellyfish
- Arctic tern or arctic gull
What are the animals that live in the South Pole – list
Finally, below we leave a list of animals that live in the South Pole of the Earth, with common and scientific names and some images. Many of these animals live either in the waters of the South Atlantic Ocean or in the Antarctic Peninsula.
- Mites and ticks of various species
- Dominican Gull
- Antarctic paloma
- Adelie or Adelie penguins
- Emperor penguins
- Albatross of various species
- Standing seagull, Antarctic seagull or Great seagull
- Petrel demero
- Foca de Weddell
- Antarctic sea lion
- Southern elephant seal
- Leopard seal or sea leopard
- Crabeater seal
- Foca de Ross
There are animals like whales that do not live permanently in this region, but depending on the time of year they stay in the waters at the South Pole or migrate to the North. This is the case of blue whales, fin whales, minke whales, killer whales and southern claderon beaked whale.