You hear more and more about companies that are committed to the environment through the implementation of new green jobs in some of their divisions. In some cases, we can even find companies whose activity is entirely focused on these types of jobs. However, what exactly are green jobs and what requirements must they meet to be listed as such?
What are green jobs
The green jobs are those who develop an activity that has as its background the reduction or compensation of human impact on the environment . In this way, one can speak of green employment as any job that is focused on reducing pollution, but also of those that carry out their activity taking care not to affect the environment.
On the other hand, it must be borne in mind that, although when thinking about green jobs, it is most likely to think about jobs related to renewable energy, in reality it is a much broader sector. In fact, although renewable energies play a fundamental role in terms of green jobs (mainly because the energy sector is one of the main polluting sectors and, therefore, also one of the ones with the most changes and possibilities for job creation green has), green jobs can be found in almost any sector of the economy , from the energy sector to tourism, through fashion, food, in addition to other sectors such as legal or educational.
What types of green jobs exist
Broadly speaking, two types of green jobs can be distinguished according to the focus of the activity they carry out:
From a product point of view
Green jobs that are green from the point of view of the end product are those in which said product is designed from the outset to be “eco-friendly “. That is to say, respectful with the environment. Some examples that could be cited in this section would be ecological food and cosmetics, ecological tourism, or sustainable architecture among many others. In these cases, we are talking about final products that, in their own design, the environmental approach has been one of the reasons that have made these products come into existence as such. That is, they are products explicitly designed to be respectful with the environment.. All jobs whose job is the implementation of these products would be green jobs in this category. A clear example would be ecotechnology .
From the point of view of environmental protection
On the other hand, beyond works whose action is the creation of a final product that respects the environment, we can also find works aimed at protecting the environment without the company where they are carried out having this objective among its main ones. An example of this we would find in the case of the works that deal with investigating technologies that allow obtaining cleaner energies. In this sense, renewable energies would be a type of green job that would fall into this category. These would be green jobs because they aim to reduce the impact on the environment, but the impact on the environment comes from a previous activity, which is the production of energy, which would be the main activity of the company. In this way, all jobs that are focused on improving the company’s impact from an environmental point of view would also be considered green jobs.
Beyond these two categories we could mention a third, which would be characterized by being a mixture of the previous two . In this case, it would be jobs that, both from a final product and environmental protection perspective, meet the characteristics of both categories. In this way, it would be green jobs that are difficult to limit to a single category, so we could speak of mixed green jobs.
In general, due to the wide variety of green jobs that can be found, it would be very difficult to limit training to a single track. In general, green jobs could be considered to be specializations within any sector . In other words, if we take an entrepreneur as an example, this person will have to have training in corporate culture. However, the moment the company you develop manufactures a green end product, it would automatically become a green job. The same would happen with backgrounds as varied as engineering, law or design.
Consequently, except for very specific cases of explicit training (for example, environmental careers or masters or specializations in ecology), it can be stated that the training necessary to work in a green job will be the green specialization within each work sector . In this way, an engineer who specializes in renewable energies will have a training proper to a green job, a lawyer who specializes in environmental law will also have this training, an architect who specializes in sustainable construction may also be considered as such.