What is Interface and Types of Interface?

Software interface types: We could basically say that an interface is any environment that allows people to use a computer or a platform in a simple and direct way, that is, by pressing a button and clicking on a certain object. What is Interface and Types types of gui user interface design

The best example of the function of an interface is what we see every time we open a program on our computer. That is why the programs carry a huge development work behind them, since through their interface they must guarantee that the user can use the application without problems or complications.

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Software interface types: Here, the fact of being able to provide an interface that best fits the parameters of being intuitive plays a fundamental role , which allows even the person with less experience in using a program to easily access the basic functions. offered by said application.

The same happens with the devices, that is, for example a printer must be designed in such a way that its interface is easily usable by anyone without experience, that is, they can turn it on, change the cartridges, choose the sheet size, colors and print without the slightest inconvenience. What is Interface and Types of gui

In this regard, we must point out that within the field of computing there are two large groups of interfaces, on the one hand, the software interfaces, and on the other, those corresponding to the hardware.

Software interface types: In the specific case of interfaces related to software, we must point out that it is any interface that operating systems and programs have, in order to allow the user to interact with the computer and programs, both user and system. , installed in it. types of gui  what is user interface design types

In the case of the software interface , it is comprised of all the interactive visual components that an operating system or a program has, that is, they are all those objects that we can view through our computer screen, which they transmit information to us and allow us to carry out actions. types of gui  what is user interface design

So that the interaction between the objects that make up the interface and the user is clear, we can see that all these objects, including buttons, icons, menus and others, tend to change color when we are using them.

Software interface types: On the other hand, with regard to hardware, in this case it is a physical interface , that is, it includes the buttons that a device has, the connection ports for its communication with the computer and others. For example, a USB port is actually a hardware interface. What is Interface and Types types of gui types of user interface

Therefore, when we are using our computer, we can actually interact with it through the use of different interfaces, including those that correspond to software and those that are specific to hardware. what is user interface design

That is to say, as we have seen, a software interface will make use of icons, windows, menus and others so that the user can execute commands, such as, for example, open, move, copy, paste, delete files. Of course, for this we also need a hardware interface, which in this case would be represented by the mouse and keyboard.

Software interface types: So, if we are going to use a program we will need to move the mouse pointer to the icon that represents it on the screen, and double click on this object. In this way we are simultaneously using a software interface and a hardware interface to carry out the task. What is Interface and types of gui what is user interface design

Context of the interfaces types of interface

One of the fundamental aspects that are taken into account when designing an interface is the environment in which said interface is going to be used. In other words, we could point out that basically an interface is designed around the functions that a device has, and that is why the context of the interface is ultimately what defines the functionality of said device or program. What is Interface and types of gui types of user interface

Software interface types: In general terms, one of the premises of any interface, be it software or hardware, resides in that said interface must be context sensitive, and a clear example of this that we can cite here are the contextual menus included in the applications. What is Interface and types of gui types of user interface what is user interface design

The fundamental fact that the interface is sensitive to the context in which it is framed, makes it possible for said interface to function correctly, since it is also what allows the interface to be clear, intuitive and transparent for the user. types of gui types of user interface what is user interface design

We can see a very clear example of the sensitivity to the context that an interface has when we execute a video file on our computer. As users, we will only double click on the mentioned video file, and the operating system will automatically execute the appropriate program so that we can view the video through said application. types of interface

But the interface also becomes context sensitive when we press a file with the right mouse button to select with which program installed on the PC we want to open the file in question, which we will do through a contextual menu. What is Interface and Types of Interface? types of user interface what is user interface design

Software interface types: Another clear example of the sensitivity to the context of an interface can be found in the functionalities included in operating systems, to provide the possibility for users to customize the visual style of the computer.

This is for example when we access the corresponding menus and options to modify the colors of the menus, of the bars, change the appearance of the pointer, choose a wallpaper and so on. At this point the interface is being sensitive to the feedback context. What is Interface and Types of Interface? types of user interface what is user interface design

One of the basic aspects for which over the years the fact that they can be context sensitive has been included in the development of the interface, is largely due to being able to offer increasing ease of use, that is, thus simplify the interaction of the interface with the user. types of user interface what is user interface design

In one of the areas in which sensitivity to the context of interfaces is fundamental today is, without a doubt, video games, since there this aspect is extremely important and necessary for the effective use of the program. What is Interface and Types of Interface? types of user interface

The aspect of sensitivity to the context presented by video game interfaces has become increasingly complex and necessary, especially with the advent of those video games in which users use their entire body to develop a game, and where different sensors and external elements make it possible to use the program in question.

However, in order to have an idea of ​​what the context of the interfaces means , it is not necessary to resort to examples related to complex video games, but simply to see how in the help of a simple program such as a text editor, just by pressing the help button, an interface is displayed that is sensitive to the context in which it is immersed. types of user interface what is user interface design

Types of Interfaces

Software interface types: As we have seen so far, there are two large groups of interfaces , those that refer to software and those related to hardware. However, the truth is that if we talk about types of interfaces we can distinguish three types, which we review below. What is Interface and Types of Interface? what is user interface design

  • Hardware interface or physical interface
  • Software interface
  • HSI or mixed interface

Hardware interface

It refers to those that include all those devices that we use to enter and process data on the computer. As an example of this type of interface we can cite the mouse, keyboard and screen of our PC. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

Software interface

They are those interfaces developed to be able to deliver information to the user, about the processes and control tools, that is to say that the user can see this data reflected on the screen . The type of software interface is the one used by programs and the operating system so that actions and processes are understandable by the user. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

HSI or mixed interface

Software interface types: It is a type of interface made up of a software part and a hardware part , and the term HSI is used to refer to both the configuration and functionality of SoC peripherals and how they interact with CPUs. For this reason, this type of interface generates adequate communication between users and computers. You could say that it is the layer in which the software communicates with the hardware. An example of this type of interface would be those processors or different programmable peripherals, which are linked through a software interface and an interconnection network of chips.

On the other hand, within the scope of interfaces, they are usually distinguished according to their type of construction. In this aspect, the interfaces also differ by being software or hardware.

In short, we find that hardware interfaces are all those devices, peripherals and physical controllers that users use to exchange data with the computer, while software interfaces are those that are contained in operating systems and programs, which we use. They allow to visualize the tasks and the answers when we are working on the PC. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

On the other hand, it is important to mention that user interfaces are also classified according to the method they apply in order to establish an interaction with the user, that is, by the way we interact and communicate with the interface.

In this aspect, three types of user interface are distinguished , which are detailed below:

  • Command line interface
  • Graphical user interface
  • Natural user interface

Command line interface

Called in English Command-Line Interface , known by its acronym CLI, it is a type of alphanumeric interface in which only texts are displayed, and it is considered as the command interpreter. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

Graphical user interface

Software interface types: Its name in English is Graphic User Interface, and that is why it is known by the acronym GUI. They are those interfaces that offer the possibility of establishing communication between the user and the computer in a fast and intuitive way, for which they are designed around the objective of graphically representing all the control elements. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

Natural user interface

Its name in English is Natural User Interface, and that is why it is known by the acronym NUI. In most cases they are related to that user interface whose characteristic is to be tactile, so they are applied to user interfaces that allow the use of touch screens. It is called natural because the user usually uses his finger as if it were a hardware device. In this type of interface speech recognition is also included.

The user interface

Software interface types: When talking about the so-called user interface, the first thing we must know is that the concept basically refers to all those mechanisms and methods that are used so that an individual can interact with a machine. In this way we can understand that there are endless user interfaces in today’s world.

Although most people tend to fall into the confusion that a user interface only refers to the icons and menus that the computer’s operating system shows us, the truth is that we can find user interfaces in every corner of our life; For example, to be able to use a coffee machine, a toaster or a microwave, these devices have a user interface. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

The same happens with computers and mobile devices, which include not only a user interface of the hardware that make up the physical part of the device , but also have the software interfaces of the operating system and the programs installed on it. Therefore, in the field of computer science, when we speak of the user interface, we refer not only to the physical mechanism of interaction, but also to the program that allows this interaction to be carried out.

For this reason, we can infer that in the field of computing, the so-called user interfaces play a more than preponderant role , especially those called graphical user interfaces, which are ultimately the ones that allow us to carry out the most diverse tasks through programs and applications on our computer or portable device.

For this, the graphical user interfaces, which are those that we see reflected on the screens of the computer equipment that we often use, make use of images and advanced selection methods, including, for example, graphical interface for the physical user interface that it provides. the mouse of a computer, and in this way it is possible to optimize the interaction between a person and a computer.

In short, without the existence of user interfaces it would be impossible to use the computer or even our cell phone, so it is one of the most important parts in the world of computing. What is Interface and 

User interface features

Software interface types: One of the central aspects to be able to use a computer or mobile device is able to learn to use their GUIs , which generally tends to be extremely simple, because user interfaces are often designed so as to provide an experience intuitive, that is, it can be perfectly used by any novice user without major inconveniences.

In addition to this, those who are going to use a user interface must also know some basic concepts of the way in which systems are organized, that is , it is composed of icons, windows, directories, folders, files and others. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

The user must learn that when he clicks on a certain icon, he is indicating to the computer that it must perform a certain task, for example, run a program or open a file, and he must also know that for this he will need to use a mouse in the case of a computer. or your finger on the touch screen of a phone or tablet.

It should be noted that all this has been carefully designed, as we said before, so that the most inexperienced user is offered the possibility of using a computer without problems, so they are intuitive user interfaces, which were created with a format that is natural and close to the mental model of people. Therefore, its objects include folders, files and others.

Now, most of the user interfaces that are applied in operating systems and programs today, usually have a series of fundamental characteristics that allow them to be what they are, that is , software or hardware user interfaces. What is Interface and Types of Interface?

Below we list the main features that user interfaces have today:

  • They have a high resolution graphic monitor.
  • They have a pointing device that is usually a mouse.
  • They promote the consistency of the interface between programs.
  • They allow graphics and texts to be viewed on a screen as they will be printed.
  • They follow the paradigm of object-action interaction.
  • They allow the transfer of information between programs.
  • They allow the manipulation of information and objects on the screen.
  • They provide standard interface elements such as menus and dialogs.
  • There is a visual display of information and objects, represented with icons, windows, and so on.
  • They provide visual response to user actions.
  • There is visual information on the actions and modes of the user / system, through for example menus.
  • There are graphical controls, also called widgets, which are used to select and enter information.
  • They allow users to customize the interface and interactions.
  • They provide flexibility in the use of input devices, such as the mouse and keyboard.
  • They allow you to manipulate the objects and information on the screen, not just present it.

On the other hand, at this point we must bear in mind that in the design of a user interface, its characteristics will have certain variations depending on the final use of the interface, that is, an interface that has been developed oriented to the application, than those that are oriented towards objects.

Below we review the fundamental characteristics of each of them.

Application-oriented interfaces

  • The application consists of an icon, a main window, and several sub-windows.
  • The icons represent open applications or windows.
  • Users must open an application before working with objects.
  • They provide the user with the necessary functions to perform the tasks.
  • It focuses on the main task determined by the application.
  • The related tasks are supported by other applications.
  • Its structure is rigid as it focuses on function.
  • Users can get caught up in a task.
  • Users must follow the structure of the application.
  • Many applications are required, one per task.

Object oriented interfaces

  • It consists of a collection of cooperating objects and views of those objects.
  • The icons represent objects that can be manipulated directly.
  • Users open objects as views on the desktop.
  • Provides the user with the materials necessary to perform the tasks.
  • It focuses on the inputs and outputs of objects and tasks.
  • Related tasks are supported by the use of other objects.
  • Its structure is flexible, as it focuses on objects.
  • Users should not get caught up in a task.
  • Users can perform tasks to their own liking.
  • Few objects are required, which are reused in many tasks.

types of gui

It is important to point out here that in a graphical user interface, a document is considered as an object on which users can perform different tasks, which can be carried out from the program with which said document is worked, that is, that to carry out each of these tasks it is not necessary to open different programs. For this, the programs are developed including the most diverse functions, which overlap each other. types of gui

In addition to what has been mentioned so far, we must also take into account that a user interface includes a series of human characteristics within its design, which makes this interface an intuitive method for any user regardless of their knowledge in the field of computing. W types of gui what is Interface and Types

Software interface types: For this reason, user interface developers must take into account certain factors specific to humans when creating the interfaces . Among the fundamental characteristics we find the following: types of interface

  • People’s cognitive and perceptual abilities must be taken into account. types of interface
  • They should reduce people’s dependence on their own memory, not forcing them to remember unnecessary things. What is Interface and Types of Interface?
  • They should reduce the repetition of operations already carried out. types of interface
  • The user must be able to learn to use the system as quickly as possible.
  • It must provide speed of response when performing an operation on the system. types of interface
  • It should have a minimal error rate. types of gui
  • It must provide the appropriate mechanism for the user to retain the use of the interface. types of interface
  • It must provide satisfaction of use. types of gui
  • It must be adapted to the various physical characteristics of people. types of interface
  • The interfaces must be adapted to the place in which they will be used.
  • They must be able to provide customization functionalities that can be framed in aspects such as age, socio-economic and cultural level of the user, among other things. types of interface

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