What is Linux OS?
The cornerstone of this revolutionary operating system, its kernel or kernel, was ready in 1991, by the hand of Linus Torvalds, from whom it has taken its name. For its part, the GNU project was started in 1983 by Richard Stallman, and later the union of both projects gave rise to the now known GNU / Linux system. What is Linux OS linux what is the purpose of linux advantages and disadvantages features of linux operating system
Although the name ” Linux ” makes specific reference to the Linux kernel of the system, in general this term is used to define the operating system. For years, millions of people around the world, who have knowledge and concerns in the field of programming, have joined this project, thus giving rise to a large community of collaborators who work daily to improve the operating system and to offer an endless number of free software applications. linux advantages and disadvantages features of linux operating system
INTERESTING: What is Programming in Computer Science
One of the most significant works has been the creation of various distributions, among which users can choose the most convenient one for their requirements. In this way, other communities of developers have emerged that work to improve and add functionality and applications to the different distributions for Linux.
Among the best known are Debian, Ubuntu, Manjaro, Kubuntu, Fedora, Mandriva and many others, which in turn can be modified by each user according to their needs, which has led to the birth of other distributions based on previous , as is the case with Kubuntu that was born under the principles of Ubuntu.
Regarding applications, there is a wide variety of programs developed under free software standards that offer a great alternative to users who want to stop using paid software. linux advantages and disadvantages features of linux operating system
In the so-called “repositories”, users will find the packages of each one of the applications, according to the distribution they have chosen, which they can download and install without having to pay money and without being tied to a program that cannot be modified. Since, like the Linux operating system, like the distributions, almost all the programs are open source, which allows them to be modified at the user’s whim.
There are endless applications for the various activities that can be developed on a PC, from office suites, such as Open Office, image design and editing programs, such as Gimp and Inskscape, video editing software such as Cinelerra or Kdenlive , among many others. what is the purpose of linux features of linux operating system
Likewise, Linux offers the possibility of working in different graphical environments, thanks to the different desktop variants it offers, such as Gnome, KDE, XFCE, Fluxbox, Enlightenment, FVWM-Crystal, among others.
Undoubtedly, one of the greatest advantages of GNU / Linux is that it is a free operating system, which means that in addition to being distributed for free, one of its greatest benefits is that it can be modified by users of according to your requirements. what is the purpose of linux features of linux operating system
Linux history What is Linux OS
The name Linux arose from the mixture of Linus + Unix. Linus is the name of the creator of Linux, Linus Torvalds. And Unix is the name of a large operating system, of which we will tell its story now, so that you understand Linux better. what is the purpose of linux
The origin of Unix has a connection with the Multics operating system, projected in the 1960s. This project was carried out by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), by General Electric (GE) and by the Bell laboratories (Bell Labs) and American Telephone Telegraph (AT&T). what is the purpose of linux
The intention was for the Multics to have time-sharing characteristics (several users sharing the resources of a single computer), thus being the most advanced system of the time. In 1969, there was already a version of the Multics running on a GE645 computer. what is the purpose of linux
Ken Thompsom was a researcher at Multics and worked at Bell Labs. However, the company withdrew from the project later, but he continued his studies on the system. Since then, his idea was not to continue with the original Multics but to create something smaller, but that would preserve the basic ideas of the system. From there, the saga of the Unix system begins. Brian Kernighan, also a Bell Labs researcher, was the one who gave him that name.
In 1973, another Bell Labs researcher, Dennis Ritchie, rewrote the entire Unix system in a high-level language, called C, which he developed as well. As a result, the system became widely accepted by users outside of Bell Labs. features of linux
Between 1977 and 1981, AT&T altered Unix, making some particular changes, and released System III. In 1983, after more than a series of modifications, the well-known Unix System IV was released, which was the one that was sold. Until today this system is used in the market, being the international standard of Unix. This system is marketed by companies such as IBM, HP, Sun and other large companies. Unix is a very expensive operating system and is used in powerful computers (such as mainframes) by various multinationals.
Why is Linux free? What is Linux OS
Linus Torvalds, when he developed Linux, did not intend to make money but to make a system for his personal use that would meet his needs. The style of development that was adopted was that of collective aid. In other words, he coordinates the collective efforts of a group that works to improve the system he created. Thousands of people contribute to Linux development for free, simply for the pleasure of making a better operating system.
Linux is under the GPL license, it allows anyone to use the programs that are under it, with the commitment not to make closed programs and commercialize them. This means that it is possible to alter any part of Linux, modify it and even commercialize it, but you cannot close it (do not allow other users to modify it) and sell it.
The history of Linux does not end here. It is also necessary to know that it is GNU. GNU is a project that began in 1984 with the objective of developing an operating system compatible with those of the Unix standard. Linux itself is just a kernel. Linus Torvalds, around the same time he was writing the kernel source code, started using GNU programs to make his system. Since he liked the idea, he decided to leave his kernel within the same license. What is Linux OS
But, the kernel alone is not usable. The kernel is the most important part, as it is the kernel and serves as a communicator between the user and the computer. So with the use of variants of the GNU systems alongside the kernel, Linux became an operating system.
Finally, the GNU project is one of those responsible for the success of Linux, because thanks to the “mix” of its programs with the kernel developed by Linus Torvalds, Linux has been showing why it is an operating system worthy of skills insurmountable by any other system .
Linux benefits and disadvantages
As we could see above in this same post, in recent years Linux has been the operating system of choice for a large number of users, companies, corporations and government institutions, due to the enormous advantages that this software presents compared to its current biggest competitor. , Microsoft Windows. linux advantages and disadvantages
Based on a series of benefits that this free operating system offers, many have decided to migrate towards the use of GNU / Linux, leaving forever the operating system that for years was the market leader.
Surely, many will think that those millions of people who have changed their OS have done so motivated only because GNU / Linux is a free and open system, while Windows is a closed source and paid software.
However, there are a number of advantages that have contributed so that GNU / Linux is currently considered a more stable and reliable operating system than the one created by Bill Gates