Have you ever wondered why recycling organic waste is so important? Organic waste is those that decompose naturally, but if these waste end up in landfills, instead of in specialized plants that treat these waste, when decomposing they generate methane (greenhouse gas), since the temperature conditions, Humidity and ventilation do not help these to decompose optimally. In addition, they not only generate methane, but also occupy space and make the process of separation from the rest of the waste more difficult.
What is organic waste
Waste can be divided into organic and inorganic waste.
- Organic waste or organic garbage is composed of all those wastes of biological origin , that is, that at some point were alive or were part of some living being and whose nature has not undergone any type of transformation. In addition, the decomposition process of these residues is carried out quickly.
- However, those that are inorganic waste come from chemical materials or substances that do not originate in living beings, some of them are glass, plastic and metal, among others. Contrary to what happens with organic waste, the decomposition processes of inorganic waste require more time, even thousands of years, and their recycling is more complex. Here you can learn more about inorganic garbage: what it is and examples .
Organic waste or organic waste can come from different sources, from private homes, such as houses or apartments, commercial places where products are made from living beings of animal or plant origin, or also from public services. These are some examples of garbage or organic waste.
In the first place we will talk about those of domestic origin, that is, those organic waste that we produce in our home . Among them they can be differentiated in:
- Organic fraction (FO): refers to the remains that originate in the process of cooking, handling or making food products. For example, the skin of fruits, dried fruit remains, fish bones or meat bones, eggshells, corks or kitchen paper.
- Vegetable fraction (FV): are all those small-sized, non-woody plant remains that come from gardening. Some examples are weeds, dry leaves, dry roots, or small branches.
- Pruning residues: those remains of plant origin from pruning carried out on a larger scale, such as large amounts of soil, trunks or branches.
In second place is organic waste of commercial origin . These are all the waste that originates in the hospitality industry, with all the food that is left on the plates or is in poor condition, or in supermarkets, since there is a lot of food that must be thrown away because it is expired. Other remains of commercial origin are produced in herbalists, nurseries and flower shops, among others.
There are also organic remains from municipal services , such as the maintenance of public parks and gardens, social or student dining rooms and public events such as festivals or fairs.
Finally, we will talk about organic waste from industries , that is, the waste generated by all large food production and handling areas. For example, in the meat industry, some parts of the animals are thrown away that cannot be used for human consumption or other benefits.
Other examples of organic waste can come as a product of the metabolism of a living being, or simply be part of a living being, some examples are: excrement, urine, nails, hooves, hair or shedding of skin, among others.
If you do not know what to do with organic waste, in this section we will explain it to you.
- It all starts at home, first you will have to separate all organic waste. Are you wondering what the color of the organic garbage container is? Take note that this waste must be deposited in the brown container , which is the recycling container for organic waste and, therefore, in which nothing else has to be thrown away. This is the way to recycle organic waste outside the home, that is, have a specialized company in charge of the process.
- Once the organic waste is in the corresponding brown recycling container, it is transported to a plant where the humidity, temperature and ventilation conditions will make the composting process possible to convert the organic waste into compost . All thanks to the activity of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi, which, thanks to the optimal conditions of the recycling plant, carry out the decomposition process on the waste. This process lasts from 10 to 16 weeks. Compost is a product that can be used as compost, and it does not pollute.
- Did you know that you can recycle organic waste yourself at home and make your own compost? For this you need a compost bin or homemade composter , which will help you maintain optimal conditions in it so that composting is carried out efficiently. Fruit and vegetable scraps are optimal for composting at home, as they have a rapid decomposition process.